CCGT Power Plants in Colombia
Mamonal
Location: Bolivar
Operator: AES Bolivar
Configuration: 2 X 50 MW LM5000 gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 1993
T/G supplier: GE, Brush
Quick facts: Mamonal in Colombia was developed by KMR Power as the first BOT independent private power in Latin America. In January 2000, AES Corp acquired majority control of Mamonal, also known as Proelectrica SA.

Photograph courtesy of K&M Engineering
Posted 26 Jan 2003

Merilectra
Location: Santander
Operator: Colinversiones SA
Configuration: 160-MW W501F
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 1993-1998
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: WH
EPC: WH, Tipiel
Quick facts: In Jan 1997, construction got underway on the Merilectra merchant plant near Barrancabermeja on the Rio Magdalena and the plant completed in Feb 1998. Merrill International and Prospeccion SA. Later, ConocoPhillips and Wing Group took over the project. In Dec 2009, Colinversiones acquired Merilectra.

Photograph courtesy of Colinversiones
Posted 31 Mar 2011

Guandalay
Location: Valle de Cauca
Operator: Ecopetrol SA
Configuration: 41-MW LM5000 gas turbine
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 1992
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Stewart & Stevenson, Estudios Tecnicos SA, Distral
Quick facts: In 1992 and 1993, Ecopetrol went out for bid on the government’s behalf for a set of industrial power plants. These were specifically designed to use newly-discovered local supplies of natural gas and oil. America's Stewart & Stevenson built four plants in short order, all based on General Electric LM5000 STIG 120 equipment:

Photograph courtesy of Colmaquinas SA
Posted 4 Nov 2012

Ocoa
Location: Meta
Operator: Ecopetrol SA
Configuration: 41-MW LM5000 gas turbine
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 1993
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Stewart & Stevenson, Estudios Tecnicos SA, Distral
Quick facts: In 1992 and 1993, Ecopetrol went out for bid on the government’s behalf for a set of industrial power plants. These were specifically designed to use newly-discovered local supplies of natural gas and oil. America's Stewart & Stevenson built four plants in short order, all based on General Electric LM5000 STIG 120 equipment.

Photograph courtesy of Colmaquinas SA
Posted 4 Nov 2012

Termobarranquila CC
Location: Atlantico
Operator: Termobarranquila SA ESP
Configuration: 750-MW, 5+2 CCGT with GT11N2 gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 1996-1998
T/G supplier: ABB
EPC: ABB, Distral
Quick facts: In Oct 1995, ABB and Distral signed a $430mn turnkey contract to build Tebsa. The facility sold power to Corelca which owned 35% of the consortium developing the plant. Other original owners were ABB Energy Ventures (24%), GPU Energy (24%), and Distral (17%). New equipment at the plant included five gas turbines and two steam turbines along with substations and a 50km, 220kV transmission line. In early 2004, GPU's corporate successor FirstEnergy Corp sold its holding to Darby Delaware Mezzanine Holdings LLC. Tebsa is now majority-owned by Gecelca. The Termobarranquilla financial package was the largest to date for a private-power project in Latin America. In Nov 1995, the construction license was revoked and work stopped after a tax dispute with the city of Soledad. In Mar 1996, the United States decertified Colombia as an ally in the “drug war,” causing the immediate suspension of financing for U.S. exports along with other aid. For a time, this affected $160mn in political risk insurance and term loans approved by the U.S. Export Import Bank. The project is now 57.38% owned by an investment fund of SCL Energia.

Photograph courtesy of SCL Energia
Re-posted 23 Nov 2013

Termocandelaria
Location: Bolivar
Operator: Termocandelaria SCA ESP
Configuration: 2 X 157 MW W501FC gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 2000
T/G supplier: WH
EPC: K&M Engineering, Duro Felguera
Quick facts: TermoCandelaria is a $175mn merchant plant develped and built by KMR Power Corp. AES bought the plant, but shut it down in late 2001 due to adverse economic conditions and later sold the facility. In order to continue to received capacity payments on the Colombian grid, the owners were told in Oct 2006 that they had to add back-up oil-firing capability. In Oct 2007, Termocandelaria completed a complex conversion to dual-fuel capability and was returned to operation. The project is now 100% owned by an investment fund of SCL Energia.

Photograph courtesy of Combined Cycle Journal
Re-posted 9 Sep 2009

Termocentro
Location: Santander
Operator: Isagen
Configuration: 300-MW, 2+1 CCGT with W501D5 gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, kerosene
Operation: 1997-2000
HRSG supplier: Doosan
T/G supplier: WH, GE
EPC: WH, Parsons Power Group, Inelectra
Quick facts: Termocentro is in Cimitarra, 5km from Puerto Berrío in Antioquia. The simple-cycle machines went online in Mar 1997 and these were converted to a combined-cycle operation in Nov 2000. The plant connects to the gird with an 8km, 230kV line.

Photograph courtesy of ISAGEN
Re-posted 24 Dec 2014

Termodorada
Location: Caldas
Operator: Termoeléctrica de La Dorada SA
Configuration: 1 X 50-MW FT8 Twin-Pac
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 1997
T/G supplier: P&W
EPC: IC Asesorias y Proyectos SAS
Quick facts: In late 1993, IC Industries SA and investment banking firm Uribe Isaza Venture Capital SA began joint development of this project with CHEC. In Dec 1994, Termoeléctrica de La Dorada SA was formed by Grupo IC Industrias SA (70%) and CHEC (30%). In Jan 1998, the project completed, the first gas-fired power plant in western Colombia. The project cost $36mn and its 15yr PPA with CHEC was extended in 2012. Termodorada connects to the 115kV substation in San Felipe.

Photograph courtesy of Central Hidroelectrica de Caldas SA ESP
Posted 1 Sep 2012

Termoemcali
Location: Valle de Cauca
Operator: NAES for TermoEmcali I SCA ESP
Configuration: 245-MW, 1+1 CCGT with W501F gas turbine
Operation: 1998-1999
Fuel: natural gas, oil
HRSG supplier: Distral
T/G supplier: WH
EPC: Bechtel
Quick facts: This plant was developed and built by a consortium of InterGen (54%), Emp Municipales de Cali SA (Emcali) (43%), and Corp Financiera del Pacifico (3%) as the first Colombian power project finance without government guarantees. The financing, which comprised a $165mn, 18yr bond with Dresdner Kleinwort Benson, closed in April 1997. In late 2003, Termoemcali agreed to modify its 20yr PPA with Emcali in a bid to reduce financial pressure on the utility, which had previously declared bankruptcy. The monthly capacity charge was reduced by over 50% and the take-or-pay contract was replaced by a new arrangement which called for payments only for electricity received. A debt restructuring process was completed in Nov 2005. Gas is delivered from fields in La Guajira state.

Photograph courtesy of Combined Cycle Journal
Posted 15 Jul 2007

Termoflores
Location: Atlantico
Operator: Colinversiones SA
Configuration: 160-MW, 1+1 CCGT and 1 X 112 MW with W501D5 gas turbines, 1 X 175 W701F gas turbine
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 1993-1998
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: WH, Brush
EPC: WH, Duro-Felguera
Quick facts: In Dec 2007, Colinversiones completed the acquisition of Termoflores for about $300mn. At this time, the plant also became the first Colombian generator to undertake long-term sales agreements under a new scheme developed by energy regulator CREG. In Dec 2008, Colinversiones then proposed the addition of a new 169-MW steam set to convert gas turbines 2&3 to combined-cycle operation by 2010.

Photograph courtesy of Central Termoelectrica Las Flores
Posted 13 Jan 2009

Termoflores IV
Location: Atlantico
Operator: Colinversiones SA
Configuration: 456-MW, 2+1 CCGT with W501D and W501F gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 1996-2011
HRSG supplier: Cerrey
T/G supplier: WH, Brush, Siemens
EPC: WH, Duro-Felguera, Siemens, Asincro CA
Quick facts: In Dec 2007, Colinversiones acquired Termoflores for about $300mn and a year later, decided to convert gas turbines 2&3 to combined-cycle operation. After small delays caused by logistics issues, the new steamer went online in Jan 2011. The total investment was on the order of $188mn.

Photograph courtesy of Colinversiones
Posted 31 Mar 2011

Termosierra
Location: Antioquia
Operator: Empresas Publicas de Medellin
Configuration: 495-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 7001FA gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 1998-2002
HRSG supplier: Doosan
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: GE, Duro-Felguera, Parsons
EPC: In Aug 1995, EPM announced that it would call for a tender for a 300-MW natural gas power plant in the La Sierra region 200km southwest of Medellin in the Middle Magdalena River Valley. The site near Puerto Nare is next to an Ecopetrol gas pipeline owned by Ecopetrol. In Sep 1996, GE and Duro-Felguera won a $175mn turnkey contract to build two simple-cycle GTs and also obtained an initial O&M contract. In Jul 1999, GE and Parsons were awarded a $125mn contract to convert the 7FA machines to combined-cycle operation.

Photograph by Esteban Hincapie
Posted 7 Feb 2004

 
Termosuria
Location: Meta
Operator: Ecopetrol SA
Configuration: 50-MW LM6000PC SPRINT gas turbine
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 1993
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Stewart & Stevenson, Estudios Tecnicos SA, Distral
Quick facts: This plant was repowered. From 1 May 2009 to 1 Sep 2009, the original LM5000 STIG was replaced by a LM6000PC SPRINT.

Photograph courtesy of ESI Energy Services Inc
Posted 22 Jan 2017

Termovalle
Location: Valle de Cauca
Operator: North American Energy Services for Termovalle SCA ESP
Configuration: 199-MW, 1+1 CCGT with W501FC gas turbine
Operation: 1998
Fuel: natural gas, oil
HRSG supplier: Nooter
T/G supplier: WH, MHI
EPC: Bibb, Marubeni
Quick facts: Termovalle was originally awarded to a consortium of Enron and Carton de Colombia SA in 1994 by EPSA's predecessor company CVC. Failure to get fuel supply arrangements finalized led to Enron’s withdrawal and KMR Power was then selected by Empresa de Energia del Pacifico SA ESP (EPSA) to build and operate this plant in Zona Franca del Pacífico near Cali, in a 70:30 joint venture with Marubeni. Fuel supply difficulties were finally resolved in Aug 1996 by splitting the contract into two parts, one with Ecopetrol for gas purchase and a second with Ecogas for gas transportation. Financial close was in Oct 1996 and the Inter-America Development Bank (IDB) approved a syndicated loan of $95.4mn to assist in financing, the first IDB loan approved for Colombia from IDB's private-sector department. In Aug 2006, Deutsche Bank completed a $55mn refinancing for Termovalle.

Photograph courtesy of Combined Cycle Journal
Posted 15 Jul 2007

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 22-Jan-2017

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