CCGT Plants in Pakistan
Balloki
Location: Punjab
Operator: Orient Power Co
Configuration: 210-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 6001FA gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
Operation: 2010
HRSG supplier: AEE
T/G supplier: GE, Skoda
EPC: Skoda, Albario, Habib Rafiq
Quick facts: In Feb 2004, Orient Power Co Ltd (OPCL) received the first Letter of Interest (LOI) under the 2002 Private Power Policy in Pakistan and was later commissioned to build a CCGT plant just outside the city of Lahore. In early 2006, Oman Oil Co acquired a 49% stake in OPCL. Later Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH acquired 24.9% with original developer Nadeem Babar retaining 26.1%. Two 225-MW blocks are planned. The first phase reached financial close in Oct 2006. Power is sold to National Transmission and Dispatch Co Ltd under a 30yr PPA. Gas is from Sui Northern Gas Pipeline Ltd under a long-term agreement. HSD can also be used and this is procured from Shell Pakistan under a 10yr contract.

Photograph courtesy of Habib Rafiq (Pvt) Ltd
Posted 23 Jan 2010

Bin Qasim-2
Location: Sind
Operator: Karachi Electric Supply Corp
Configuration: 555-MW, 3+1 CCGT with 9001E gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
Operation: 2011-2012
HRSG supplier: China Shipbuilding Industry Corp 703 Res Inst
T/G supplier: GE, Harbin
EPC: Northeast Electric Power Design Institute, Harbin
Quick facts: BQPS-2 cost about $450mn. The project was financed shareholder equity, and long term loans provided by the Asian Development Bank, the International Finance Corporation, and a syndicate of Pakistani banks comprising National Bank of Pakistan, Habib Bank Limited and Standard Chartered Bank. Initial letters of credit for the project were opened by a consortium of banks including the long term lenders, Dubai Islamic Bank and Faysal Bank. The first turbine at BQ-2 was commissioned in June 2011, somewhat ahead of schedule.

Photograph courtesy of Karachi Electric Supply Corp
Posted 18 Apr 2012

Daharki Foundation
Location: Sind
Operator: Foundation Power Co (Daharki) Ltd
Configuration: 202-MW, 1+1 CCGT with 9001E gas turbine
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 2011
HRSG supplier: Doosan
T/G supplier: GE, Fuji
EPC: Doosan, Fichtner
Quick facts: This project is one of the first developed under the 2002 Power Policy, and has been undertaken by the Fauji Foundation on a BOO basis with a 25yr tariff approved by NEPRA. Fuel is low-Btu gas delivered by a 15km pipeline from Mari Deep Well No 6. Construction started in May 2007 and commissioning started in Oct 2009. The plant cost $200mn. Financing was by a consortium led by ABN-AMRO Bank and including Askari Bank Limited and Bank Al-Falah with debt to equity ratio of 75:25. Financial close was in Sep 2007. Electricity is sent out via a 42km tie-line to Sadiqababd and NTDC's 220kV Daharki-Rohri transmission line.

Photograph courtesy of Foundation Power Co (Daharki) Ltd
Posted 23 Jan 2010

Guddu CC-1
Location: Sindh
Operator: Central Power Generation Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 300-MW, 2+1 CCGT blocks with 9001E gas turbines, 417-MW, 2+1 CCGT block with V94 gas turbines
Operation: 1985-1994
Fuel: natural gas, distillate oil
HRSG supplier: Hollandse Constructie Groep, CMI
T/G supplier: GE, SIemens
EPC: National Engineering Services (Pvt) Ltd, Atlantic Projects, Siemens, Descon Engineering
Quick facts: Guddu TPS is on the right bank of the River Indus at Guddu Barrage, near the junction of Sindh, Balochistan, and Punjab provinces. The plant receives MCV gas from Mari, Kandhkot and Chachar

Photograph courtesy of www.dnd.com.pk
Posted 14 Jul 2013

Guddu CC-2
Location: Sindh
Operator: Central Power Generation Co Ltd
Configuration: 767-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 9001FA gas turbines
Operation: 2016
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: Hangzhou
T/G supplier: GE, Harbin
EPC: Harbin, Albario Engineering, Pakistan Engineering Services, Habib Rafiq, Tianjin Electric Power Construction Co
Quick facts: A new 500kV substation is being connected with the CCGT project. It is expected to be the most efficent power plant in the country at completion.

Photograph courtesy of www.dnd.com.pk
Posted 14 Jul 2013

Habibullah Coastal
Location: Balochistan
Operator: Habibullah Coastal Power
Configuration: 150-MW, 3+1 CCGT with LM6000 gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 1999
HRSG supplier: B&W Gama
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Fiat Engineering, STI Studio Tecnico di Ingegneria
Quick facts: In Sep 1999, Habibullah Coastal went online at Quetta. The lead developer was Coastal Power from the U.S. (later a unit of El Paso International). Fuel is from Sui Southern Gas Co Ltd and the plant has a PPA with WAPDA dating to Mar 1996. The Habibullah Coastal project was initially operated under contract by a General Electric subsidiary. In Jun 2001, Pakistan’s Albario Engineering took over as O&M contractor.

Photograph courtesy of Albario Engineering (Pvt) Ltd
Posted 8 Mar 2008

Halmore Power
Location: Punjab
Operator: Halmore Power Generation Co (Pvt) Ltd
Configuration: 225-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 6001FA+ gas turbines
Operation: 2011
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: Descon
T/G supplier: GE, Skoda
EPC: Skodaexport, Descon
Quick facts: In Dec 2004, Halmore Power Generation Co retained Enerpro (Private) Ltd as owner’s engineer for this power project at Bhikki, Sheikhupura District, Punjab. Halmore Power is owned by a London-based Pakistani businessman and real estate developer. In Sep 2005, the PPIB approved a LOI for the Bhikki project and an initial IP was signed in Dec 2006 after a draft PPA was signed with NTDC. In April 2007, Halmore Power mandated HSBC, Czech Export Bank, and Askari Bank to arrange a $150mn debt package for the plant and the formal IA was agreed in Nov 2007. Halmore Power secured a gas supply agreement with Sui Northern Gas Co and an EPC contract with Skodaexport from the Czech Republic. Financing closed in Apr 2008 and the $168mn plant commissioned in Jun 2011, about 2½yrs past the original date.

Photograph courtesy of Private Power & Infrastructure Board
Posted 4 Nov 2016

Kabirwala
Location: Punjab
Operator: Fauji Kabirwala Power Co Ltd
Configuration: 157-MW, 2+1 CCGT with W251B11 gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 1999
HRSG supplier: Zurn
T/G supplier: WH, Brush
EPC: NEPCO, China Machine Building International Corp
Quick facts: The Fauji Foundation manages the Pakistani Army's pension fund and was the original developer of this plant in Punjab. It maintains a 45% ownership stake. In Apr 1996, the Asian Development Bank approved loans and a 12.5% equity investment in the plant. Fuel is local low-BTU gas supplied by Oil & Gs Development Corp. In Dec 1996, El Paso Energy Corp purchased a 42% stake which it sold on to Globeleq in Jul 2006. This was sold on to Pendekar Energy. Kabirwala went commercial on 21 Oct 1999 and has a 30yr PPA with WAPDA.

Photograph courtesy of Private Power & Infrastructure Board
Posted 19 Jul 2006

Korangi Creek
Location: Sind
Operator: Karachi Electric Supply Corp
Configuration: 220-MW, 4+1 CCGT with LM6000-PC gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
Operation: 2008-2009
HRSG supplier: ISTROENERGO GROUP as
T/G supplier: GE, Skoda
EPC: Metka
Quick facts: This power station began commissioning in Nov 2008.

Photograph courtesy of Metka
Posted 14 Nov 2010

Kot Addu
Location: Punjab
Operator: Kot Addu Power Co
Configuration: 492-MW, 4+1 CCGT with TG50 and V94.2 gas turbines, 608-MW 4+2 CCGT with 9001E gas turbines, 344-MW 2+1 block with V94.2 gas turbines
Operation: 1987-1996
Fuel: natural gas, HFO, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: Fiat, Siemens, GE, Ansaldo, Alstom
EPC: Lahmeyer, Ansaldo, Siemens, Descon Engineering
Quick facts: This is the largest IPP in Pakistan and was installed by WAPDA in five phases between 1985 aand 1996. Bids for an interest in Kot Addu were invited in late 1994 and ultimately, a 36% share was purchased by National Power plc (GDF SUEZ) in Jun 1996 for $215mn, about 20% more than the second bidder. Plant production in 2012 was 6 TWh. KAPCO is owned by WAPDA (40.25%) with thre remaining shares listed.

Photograph by Muhammad Safdar (Panoramio)
Posted 9 Feb 2014

Liberty Power
Location: Sind
Operator: TNB Liberty Power
Configuration: 240-MW, 1+1 CCGT with V94.2 gas turbine
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 2001
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: Ansaldo, Siemens
EPC: Ansaldo
Quick facts: Liberty Power is in Daharki, Ghotki District, Sind. The first development application was submitted in Mar 1994, a 25yr PPA was signed in 1995, and financial close was in Jul 1996. In Jul 1998, Tenaga Nasional Bhd (TNB) upped its 40% stake by buying shares held by Asian Infrastructure Development Co Ltd, Infrastructure Capital Group Ltd, and Thames-Road Holdings Investments Inc. The WAPDA PPA was renegotiated in Dec 1999. The first block was delayed for several years, having been originally scheduled for 1997. Final startup was delayed for over a year by complications related to the gas-supply agreement.

Photograph courtesy of TNB Liberty Power
Posted 24 Jun 2006

Nandipur
Location: Punjab
Operator: Northern Power Generation Co Ltd
Configuration: 435-MW, 3+1 CCGT with 9001E gas turbines
Fuel: heavy fuel oil
Operation: 2015
HRSG supplier: CMI, Wuxi Boiler
T/G supplier: GE, Dongfang
EPC: Dongfang, Nespak, Hubei No 2 Thermal Power Constr Co
Quick facts: In Sep 2005, WAPDA submitted PC-1 documentation for a $329mn, gas-fired 450-MW power station at Nandipur, Gujranwala Dist. The plan was subsequently updated with new pricing and an option to using furnace oil as the primary with gas backup. The scheme received ECNEC approval in May 2007 and, in Jan 2008, WAPDA and Dongfang Electric signed a contract for a $329mn plant, the first large-scale TPP contracted by WAPDA in 17yrs. It was financed by BNP Paribas and Bank of Punjab, and connects to the grid by a double-circuit, 132KV transmission line. The project was suspended for about 3yrs and finally went to full load in July 2015, about 5yrs past the initial schedule. The estimated cost was Rs 58,416mn.

Photograph courtesy of Mian Shehbaz Sharif (Facebook)
Posted 11 Jul 2015

Phase VIII Cogen
Location: Sind
Operator: DHA Cogen Ltd
Configuration: 94-MW, single-shaft CCGT with V64.3A gas turbine desal
Fuel: flare gas, diesel oil
Operation: 2010
HRSG supplier: BHI
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: In Jan 2003, DHA Cogen Ltd was incorporated as a JV of the Defence Housing Authority (DHA) and Sacoden Investments to build a power and desalination complex to serve the Defence Housing Scheme in Karachi. In May 2005, DHA Cogen signed a 30yr gas supply agreement with Sui Southern Gas for the Phase VIII cogen project, which is located on a 10ac coastal site. In October 2005, Siemens was awarded the equipment and EPC contract. Alfal Laval built the 3 MIGD plate-type desalination equipment. In July 2008, AEI took over the Sacoden stake. and the new plant went commercial in Dec 2008 at a cost of PKR 7bn. The plant only operated for 11mos. In Aug 2011, DHA announed it was taking back the AEI stake. As of May 2015, the project was mostly in the hands of three banks.

Photograph courtesy of DHA Cogen Ltd
Posted 2 Nov 2016

Qadirpur
Location: Sind
Operator: Engro Powergen Ltd
Configuration: 225-MW, 1+1 CCGT with 9001E gas turbine
Fuel: flare gas, diesel oil
Operation: 2010
HRSG supplier: Hangzhou
T/G supplier: GE, Harbin
EPC: China Tianchen Chemical Engineering Corp
Quick facts: This power company was formed in 2008 to build a plant to use high-sulfur, flare gas from the Qadirpur Gas Field near Ghotki in far northern Sind. The gas field is a JV of Oil and Gas Development Co Ltd, Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Co Pakistan, Premier Oil Plc, and Pakistan Petroleum Ltd. The plant commissioned in March 2010.

Photograph courtesy of Engro Powergen Ltd
Posted 9 Feb 2014

Rousch
Location: Punjab
Operator: Rousch (Pakistan) Power Ltd
Configuration: 432-MW, 2+1 CCGT with V94.2 gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, residual  oil
Operation: 2000
HRSG supplier: NEM
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Black & Veatch
Quick facts: Rousch was the ninth private plant to be approved under Pakistan's Mar 1994 private power framework. The $560mn plant is at Sidhnai Barrage took 39mos to build. The development consortium included Rousch Group (66.3%), Siemens Power Ventures (26.4%) and ESB International (7.3%). At present, just under 60% of the plant equity is held by a subsidiary of Altern Energy. Construction started in Jul 1996 and the plant was completed in mid-Dec 1999. K&M Engineering and Lahmeyer provided engineering and other support. The World Bank and the Japan Export-Import Bank took central roles in the financing arrangements. Rousch  was built to burn residual oil but was converted to firing local natural gas in 2004. It has a 30yr PPA with WAPDA and is connected to the 500kV grid. The initial operating company was ESBI. Altern Energy Ltd now owns 59.98% of the project shares.

Photograph courtesy of Rousch (Pakistan) Power Ltd
Re-posted 19 Oct 2016

Sahiwal
Location: Punjab
Operator: Saif Power Ltd
Configuration: 229-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 6001FA gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas,oil
Operation: 2010
HRSG supplier: Hangzhou
T/G supplier: GE, Siemens
EPC: Central Southern China Electric Power Design Institute, Guangdong Yuantian Engineering Co, Hubei No 2 Thermal Power Construction Co
Quick facts: In July 2005, Saif Group received an LOI for this CCGT project on the eastern side of Sahiwal City, 150km south of Lahore. By Oct 2005, land purchases were complete and site prep was underway. In Dec 2005, a 10yr natural gas supply with Sui Northern Gas was agreed and in Feb 2006, the feasibility study was approved by the PPIB. In Jun 2006 , NEPRA granted the generation licence and, in Jul 2006, approved a 30yr levelized tariff of $59.77/MWh for the Sahiwal project on gas and $136.50/MWh on diesel oil. In May 2006, the O&M contract was tendered and in April 2007, Saif Power signed a PPA with NTDC. The gas turbines were sourced through CMEC.The project went commercial on 27 Apr 2010 and includes a 132kv switchyard

Photograph courtesy of Private Power & Infrastrucrue Board
Posted 25 Aug 2012

Sapphire Electric
Location: Punjab
Operator: Sapphire Electric Co Ltd
Configuration: 234-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 6001FA gas turbines
Operation: 2010
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: AEE
T/G supplier: GE, Skoda
EPC: Skoda, Habib Rafiq
Quick facts: In Oct 2006, Sapphire Electric Co Ltd signed EPC agreements with Skodaexport and AEPL for a 234-MW IPP at Muridke, Sheikhupura district. Financial close was in Jun 2007 and the plant commissioned in Oct 2010. GE also has an 18yr O&M agreement with Sapphire. In July 2006, NEPRA approved 30yr levelized tariffs of $59.80/MWh for the Muridke project when firing gas and $136.64 when firing oil.

Photograph courtesy of Private Power & Infrastructure Board
Posted 4 Nov 2016

Sheikhupura Rental
Location: Punjab
Operator: GE Energy Rentals
Configuration: 7 X 21-MW TM2500 gas turbines
Fuel: oil
Operation: 2007
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: GE, Albario Engineering
Quick facts: In Sep 2006, the Pakistani government signed two power plant rental agreements to alleviate acute electricity shortages. In Feb 2007, GE Energy Rentals and Albario Engineering installed seven TM2500 gas turbines for a 3yr term at the 500kV NTDC Grid station in Sheikhupura near Lahore. The project was completed in less than 4mos and included camp buildup, substation and civil works, plus commissioning.

Photograph courtesy of Albario Engineering (Pvt) Ltd
Posted 8 Mar 2008

 
Uch-I
Location: Balochistan
Operator: ENGIE Energy International
Configuration: 585-MW, 3+1 CCGT with 9001E gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas, oil
Operation: 2000
HRSG supplier: Deltak
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Raytheon, Albario Engineering, Harbin
Quick facts: Uch-I is in Dear Mural Gambelia, and uses low-BTU gas from a field 50km northeast of the site. In 1989, Tenaska Intl, and Hawkins Oil & Gas starrted development and a 30yr PPA was signed in 1995. Financing for the $654mn project closed in May 1996 and construction started in Sep 1996. GDF SUEZ now has a 94.6% stake in Uch-I. This was the first gas-fired CCGT in Pakistan, the first IPP in Pakistan to use the World Bank’s partial guarantee program, the first local project for the US ExIm Bank, the first to combine co-financing from the two financial organizations, and the first to be financed with 15yr debt, one of the longest terms yet reached for a limited-recourse project in a developing country. A variety of other institutions participated as lenders or advisors including ABN AMRO Bank, Bank of China, Citibank, Deutsche Morgan Grenfell, the IFC, and the Long-term Credit Fund of Pakistan. Commercial operation began in Oct 2000 after a 2yr delay caused by tariff disputes. Uch is connected to the grid by four 220kV linesl.

Photograph courtesy of International Power plc
Posted 16 Mar 2008

Uch-II
Location: Balochistan
Operator: ENGIE Energy International
Configuration: 375-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 9001E gas turbines
Fuel: natural gas
Operation: 2014
HRSG supplier: Daekyung
T/G supplier: GE, Fuji
EPC: Hyundai E&C, Descon Engineering
Quick facts: In May 2011, work got underway on Uch-II and the plant went commecail in Apr 2014. The project has a 25yr PPA with NTDC. The ADB made $50mn and €50mn loans for the project with other financing coming frm the IFC, the Korean Ex-Im Bank, and the Islamic Development Bank. The OGDCL has contracted to supply 220mmcfd gas to Uch-I and 160mmcfd to Uch-II.

Photograph courtesy of Hyundai E&C
Posted 19 Oct 2016

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 30-Nov-2016

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