CCGT Plants in Turkey - Marmara
Adapazari/Gebze
Location: Sakarya
Operator: Enka Power
Configuration: Three 790-MW, 2+1 CCGT blocks with 9001FA+ gas turbines
Operation: 2002
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: GE, Alstom
EPC: Bechtel, Enka
Quick facts: In Oct 1997, TEAS announced that a consortium of the InterGen and Enka had won the exclusive right to negotiate for 3,500-MW of CCGT capacity, one of the largest private-power development schemes in the world. In Sep 2000, the partners signed $1.5bn of loan agreements for the three projects and construction started in the summer of 2000. The gas turbine purchase amounted to about $900mn, the largest order for such equipment ever in Turkey and the largest single order for the 9FA machine to that date. GE also has a 16yr gas turbine service contract. At completion, Adapazari/Gebze was the world's largest dry-cooled CCGT complex. The cooling towers are 135m tall with a 115m diameter. Enka bought out InterGen in 2005.

Photograph courtesy of Power
Re-posted 24 Sep 2011

Ambarli CCGT
Location: Istanbul
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 3 X 450-MW, 2+1 CCGT blocks with V94.2 gas turbines
Operation: 1988-1992
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: Biro
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens, United BMB Group
Quick facts: Ambarli CCGT is on the Marmara coast near Istanbul. The plant is designed for baseload operation at an expected thermal efficiency of approximately 51%. It was Turkey's second full-scale CCGT in operation after Hamitabat . The plant connects to the 154kV grid.

Photograph courtesy of United BMB Group
Posted 11 Dec 2013

Ambarli Repower
Location: Istanbul
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 2 X 430-MW, 1+1 CCGT blocks with SGT5-4000F gas turbines
Operation: 2013
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: AE&E
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: PROKON, Blac & Veatch
Quick facts: In Nov 2008, EUAS awarded PROKON Manufacturing and Erection Co JV a €384mn, turnkey EPC contract for repowering the Ambarli conventional PS. The original, 630-MW, five-unit plant was built from 1967 to 1970 on the Marmara coast near Istanbul. The repower contract included demolition of the existing oil-fired boilers for Units 4&5, rehabilitation of the existing 150-MW turbosets and auxiliaries, installation of two gas turbines plus HRSGs to repower the existing steam sets, a new switchyard and a new 2km gas pipeline spur. The 60-day trial run was completed in Aug 2013.

Photograph courtesy of Güney Mekanik Isıtma
Posted 11 Dec 2013

Bandirma-I
Location: Balıkesir
Operator: Enerjisa Enerji Uretim
Configuration: 936-MW, 2+1 CCGT with M701F gas turbines
Operation: 2010
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: Nooter
T/G supplier: MHI, Melco
EPC: MHI, A-TEC, Kalemci Yapi
Quick facts: Bandirma was licensed on 7 Feb 2008 and construction started on 1 Jun 2008. The plant commissioned on 7 Oct 2010 at a coastal site on the Marmara Sea. The plant connect to the 380kV grid using the Busra DGÇS and Karabiga power lines. The total cost was about €550mn and annual production is expected to be about 7 TWh.

Photograph courtesy of Enerjisa Enerji Uretim
Posted 4 Dec 2013

Bandirma-II
Location: Balıkesir
Operator: Enerjisa Enerji Uretim
Configuration: 607-MW, single-shaft CCGT with SGT5-8000H gas turbine
Operation: 2016
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: NEM
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: In Jan 2014, Enerjisa contracted Siemens for the Bandirma-II CCGT project. The turnkey scope of supply for the single-shaft block includes an SGT5-8000H gas turbine, a model SST5-5000 steam turbine and an SGen5-3000W water-cooled generator, an HRSG built by NEM, the auxiliary and ancillary systems along with the entire electrical system, 400kV switchgear, and the SPPA-T3000 instrumentation and control system. Siemens also secured a LTSA for the gas turbine and generator. This was the second order for the SGT5-8000H machine in Turkey.

Photograph courtesy of Enerjisa Enerji Uretim
Posted 29 Sep 2016

Bis Enerji
Location: Bursa
Operator: Bis Enerji Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 124-MW, 2+1 CCGT with LM5000 and 6001B gas turbines, 185-MW, 3+1 CCGT with LM6000 gas turbines CHP, 1 X 48-MW LM6000 gas turbine
Operation: 1993-2007
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: Nooter, Vogt
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: S&S, Mimag
Quick facts: This industrial CHP plant has been expanded steadily and is the largest of its kind in Turkey. Bis Enerji was founded in 1992 as an autoproducer and reconstituted in 2005 in accordance with new market regulations. In the Bursa OSB, Bis Enerji supplies the Nergis and Bis Group textile plants. The company also serves about 50 other customers and is connected to the TEİAŞ grid.

Photograph courtesy of GE Energy
Re-posted 7 Jan 2012

Bursa Bosen
Location: Bursa
Operator: Bosen Enerji Uretimi AS
Configuration: 75-MW, 1+1 CCGT with W251 gas turbine, 69-MW, 1+1 CCGT with with LM6000 gas turbine, 120-MW, 2+1 CCGT with LM6000 gas turbines CHP
Operation: 1999-2010
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: Nooter, Aalborg
T/G supplier: WH, MHI, GE, Brush
EPC: Tekser Insaat, Bibb & Assoc, EPRO, Mimag, ENPRODE, Mastir
Quick facts: BOSEN is a subsidiary of Bursa Organized Industrial Zone which is one of the largest industrial complexes in Turkey, constructed on 3,156ha with 959 active companies employing over 100,000 staff.

Photograph courtesy of Aalborg
Posted 1 Oct 2011

Bursa Entek
Location: Bursa
Operator: AES Entek
Configuration: 100-MW, 2+1 CCGT with LM6000 gas turbines, 35-MW LM2500+ gas turbine CHP
Operation: 1998-2003
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: NEM
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Gama, Simcelik, Mastir Enerji, Engineering Group Istanbul
Quick facts: This plant is in the Bursa Demirtaş industrial zone and was first developed to supply the Tofaş AŞ textile works. In 2011, Entek and AES Corp signed a cooperation agreement and moved several Entek thermal plans in to the venture.

Photograph courtesy of AES Entek
Posted 28 May 2012

Esenyurt
Location: Istanbul
Operator: Doğa Enerji Ltd Şti
Configuration: 180-MW, 3+1 CCGT with 6001B gas turbines CHP
Operation: 1999
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: Schelde Breda Boilers, Desa Muhendislik ve Yaritim Mallari Satayii AS
T/G supplier: Thomassen, GE, GEC-Alstom
EPC: Lahmeyer, Thomassen, Erdem Construction
Quick facts: In Apr 1997, Doga Enerji completed financing and commenced construction on a $182.4mn BOT cogeneration plant located in the Esenyurt suburb of Istanbul. Doga Enerji is a joint venture company owned 80% by Edison Mission and 20% by Turkish investors. The plant was the first in the country to incorporate district-heating capability – supplying hot water to heat 14,000 new homes – and also produces electricity for the grid. Esenyurt was financed with equity of $45.6mn and non-recourse project financing of $136.8mn. OPIC guaranteed loans of $95mn and Nederlandsche Credietverzerking Maatschappij (NCM) issued a partial risk guarantee for $35mn of the loans. Citibank underwrote both the NCM partially-guaranteed facility and $6.8mn of uncovered non-recourse debt. The plant went into full commercial operation in May 1999.

Photograph courtesy of Doğa Enerji Ltd Şti
Posted 4 Dec 2013

Canakkale
Location: Canakkale
Operator: Enerjisa Enerji Uretim AS
Configuration: 63-MW, 1+1 CCGT with 6001B gas turbine CHP
Operation: 2002
Fuel: natural gas, naphtha, oil
HRSG supplier: SFL
T/G supplier: GE, Elin, Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Mimag
Quick facts: In Mar 2001, Siemens Nederland ordered four 6001B gas turbines from GE's Essen factory for three different Enerjisa CCGT projects. The Canakkale power plant supplies steam and electricity to a cement plant.

Photograph courtesy of Enerjisa
Posted 2 Sep 2009

Gebze Yeni
Location: Kocaeli
Operator: Yeni Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 865-MW, 2+1 CCGT with AE94.3A gas turbines
Operation: 2014
HRSG supplier: STF
T/G supplier: Ansaldo
EPC: Ansaldo
Quick facts: In Jul 2011, Unit Investment and Ansaldo Energia closed financing for this $1bn merchant project 60km from Istanbul. Ansaldo became a 40% shareholder and was named EPC contractor in Nov 2010. The project was said to be first true, limited-recourse project financing for a CCGT plant in Turkey. Tractebel was owner’s engineer. Shell has a 5yr gas supply agreement with the Yeni project, which should supply about 5.5 TWh/yr of electricity.

Photograph courtesy of www.haberler.com
Posted 3 Jan 2014

Hamitabat
Location: Kirklareli
Operator: Hamitabat Elektrik Üretim
Configuration: Two 600-MW, 4+2 CCGT blocks with GT13D2 gas turbines
Operation: 1985-1989
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: ABB
EPC: BBC, Enka
Quick facts: In Dec 1984, Turkiye Elektrik Kürumu signed contracts with BBC and Enka for the turnkey supply of the first block and a repeat order was signed in Jul 1986. At completion, Hamitabat was both the first full-scale CCGT plant in Turkey and the world's largest combined-cycle employing dry cooling. In Dec 2005, Alstom won a two-year, €40mn contract for four G13DM turbine upgrades, compressor blading, reconditioned rotors and the replacement of combustor components. The power station was sold in Mar 2013 to Limak Dogalgaz Elektrik Uretim for $105mn.

Photograph courtesy of Hamitabat Elektrik Üretim
Posted 17 Dec 2005

Hereke Cement-1
Location: Kocaeli
Operator: Nuh Enerji Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 38.5-MW single-shaft CCGT with LM2500+ gas turbine CHP
Operation: 1999
HRSG supplier: NEM
T/G supplier: GE, Stewart & Stevenson
EPC: NEM, Gama, EPRO
Quick facts: This plant supplies power and steam to the Nuh Cement works at Hereke.

Photograph courtesy of EPRO
Posted 24 Aug 2008

Hereke Cement-2
Location: Kocaeli
Operator: Nuh Enerji Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 124-MW, 2+1 CCGT with LM6000 gas turbines CHP
Operation: 2003-2005
HRSG supplier: ISTROENERGO GROUP as
T/G supplier: GE, Thermodyn
EPC: ISTROENERGO GROUP as, Cengiz Construction
Quick facts: This is the second-phase CHP at the Nuh Cement factory at Hereke.

Photograph courtesy of ISTROENERGO GROUP as
Posted 10 Dec 2006

Kentsa
Location: Kocaeli
Operator: Enerjisa Enerji Uretim AS
Configuration: 120-MW, 2+1 CCGT with 6001B gas turbines CHP
Operation: 1997-2000
Fuel: natural gas, naphtha
HRSG supplier: NEM
T/G supplier: GE, Thomassen, Alstom, ABB
EPC: Yaman Enerji
Quick facts: This CHP plant serves an industrial park.

Photograph courtesy of Enerjisa
Posted 2 Sep 2009

Kırklareli Phase-I
Location: Kırklareli
Operator: Alarko-Altek Elektrik
Configuration: 80-MW, 2+1 CCGT with LM2500+P gas turbines
Operation: 2005
HRSG supplier: IST
T/G supplier: GE, Nuovo Pignone
EPC: Alarko
Quick facts: In 1998, Altek signed a contract with MENR to build this plant and the gas turbines were ordered in early 2001. Completion was delayed until Oct 2005 by the lack of a transmission connection. The new plant started as a BOT development with guaranteed power sales, but by completion, the new Energy Market Law had gone into force so the plant sells power on the open market. The plant is connected to the grid at 154kV.

Photograph courtesy of Turkiye Muteahhitler Birliggi
Posted 9 Aug 2006

Luleburgaz
Location: Kırklareli
Operator: Zorlu Enerji
Configuration: 2 X 7 MW Tempest gas turbines, 1 X 43-MW LM6000 CHP
Operation: 1997-1999
HRSG supplier: Aalborg
T/G supplier: ABB, GE
Quick facts: In 2004, the HRSG on the Tempest machines was changed out.

Photograph courtesy of Zorlu Enerji
Posted 9 Sep 2006

Marmara Ereglesi (Uni-Mar)
Location: Tekirdag
Operator: ENGIE Energy International
Configuration: 480-MW, 2+1 CCGT with GT13E2 gas turbines
Operation: 1999
Fuel: natural gas, oil
HRSG supplier: CMI
T/G supplier: ABB, Kawasaki
EPC: ABB, Entes, Atkins
Quick facts: This plant was the first full-scale IPP in Turkey to be completed. The turnkey order was awarded to ABB in Nov 1996 by a joint venture of Unit Energy and Marubeni, which now share equal ownership shares with International Power. Marmara is the site of an LNG terminal owned by Botas. A syndicate of international banks including Banque Paribas, BHP Bank, Citibank, Fuji Bank, Generale Bank, National Westminster, Sakura Bank, and Vakif Bank along with the Japanese EXIM and MITI provided almost $500mn in financing for the $620mn project. No sovereign Turkish credit were involved in the transaction.

Photograph courtesy of International Power plc
Posted 13 Aug 2008

Trakya Delta
Location: Kirklareli
Operator: Palmet Enerji AS
Configuration: 64-MW, 1+1 CCGT with LM6000PC-Sprint gas turbine CHP
Operation: 2009
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: Aalborg
T/G supplier: GE, Dresser
EPC: Enprode, Palmet
Quick facts: Palmet's first thermal power project is on a 4ha site in an industrial zone 3km from Buyukkaristiran, in Luleburgaz district. The construction and procurement contracts were signed in Q2 2008 and the facility has been connected to the Botas gas pipeline system by a 1km spur and to the 154kV grid. In Dec 2008, the IFC approved loans to Palmet for this and other energy projects.

Photograph courtesy of Palmet Enerji AS
Posted 26 Apr 2009

Trakya
Location: Tekirdag
Operator: Trakya Elektrik
Configuration: 495-MW, 2+1 CCGT with V94.2 gas turbines
Operation: 1999
Fuel: natural gas, diesel oil
HRSG supplier: Nooter
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Black & Veatch, Gama, Enron, EPRO
Quick facts: This plant is on the Sea of Marmara 100km west of Istanbul. It was built by Enron and completed in Sep 1999 on a BOOT basis pursuant to an contract with the Turkish Ministry of Energy. The contract was designed with larger upfront capacity fixed payments to repay the original debt financing within a 10yr period ending 2009 and Trakya owns and operates the power plant during the authorization period, which initially ends in June 2019 and may be extended subject to conditions setout in the contract. After Enron's bankruptcy, its international plants were taken over by Prisma Energy. The plant was then majority-owned by AEI Services LLC. In Dec 2012, AEI sold its stake to Inter RAO UES JSC.

Photograph courtesy of Turkiye Muteahhitler Birligi
Posted 2 Sep 2006

Uğur Enerji
Location: Tekirdağ
Operator: Uğur Enerji Üretim Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş.
Configuration: 60-MW, 1+1 CCGT with LM6000PC gas turbine CHP
Operation: 2010
Fuel: natural gas
HRSG supplier: IST
T/G supplier: GE, Hangzhou
EPC: Engineering Group Istanbul, Odaktes, Eba Mühendislik
Quick facts: Ugur Energji was founded in 2007 to provide power and steam for textile industries in an industrial estate in Cerkezkoy. The plant went online in Mar 2010. Annual electricity production is about 500 GWh.

Photograph courtesy of Uğur Enerji
Posted 28 May 2012

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 15-Jan-2017

Home