Hydroelectric Plants in Canada - Ontario K-W
Kakabeka Falls
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 3 X 6.35 MW, 1 X 9.35 MW Francis
Operation: 1906-1914
T/G supplier: Voith, CGE
Quick facts: This plant was built by predecessors to Kaministiquia Power Co, a division of Abitibi Power and Paper Co and bought by Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario in 1949. It is on the Kaministiquia River, 29km east of Thunder Bay. Initial development dates to 1896.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 18 Mar 2007

Kenora
Location: ON
Operator: ACH LP
Configuration: 10 X 1 MW Francis
Operation: 1923-1924
T/G supplier: SMS, Electric Machinery Corp
Quick facts: Kenora GS is on the Winnipeg River at the outlet of Lake of the Woods. The station was built ca 1906 and in 1921-26 was reconfigured from horizontal to vertical machines. Kenora operates at a head of 6.4m.

Photograph courtesy of ACH LP
Posted 17 Jan 2011

Kipling
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 66 MW propeller
Operation: 1966
T/G supplier: DEW, WHC
Quick facts: Kipling is on the Mattagami 93 km north of Kapuskasing and was transferred to OPG in Apr 1999. The Mattagami River generating stations, Little Long, Harmon, Kipling and Highway 807, a major highway extension into the James Bay area, were officially opened by the Hon John P Robarts, Premier of Ontario, and George E Gathercole, Chairman of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, on 21 July 1966. The ceremony took place at the Harmon station. Highwyay 807 was built by the Ontario Department of Highways and financed by the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario. A third 66-MW unit is to be added at Kipling around 2015.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 24 Jul 2010

Lac Seul
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 1 X 12.5 MW pit
Operation: 2009
T/G supplier: VA TECH
EPC: SNC-Lavalin
Quick facts: This plant was developed as a JV of OPG and the Lac Seul First Nation whereby the First Nation secured a 25% stake in the new station whose Ojibway name is Obishikokaang Waasiganikewigamig. Lac Seul is adjacent to the Ear Falls GS and has a single, double-regulated pit turbine. Rated net head is 9.78m with a flow of and flow of 139.45m/sec. The unit uses excess water flow that has historically been passed by the existing Ear Falls GS.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 5 Mar 2010

Little Long
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 66 MW propeller
Operation: 1963
T/G supplier: EE, WHC
Quick facts: Construction at Little Long required elaborate logistic preparations including construction of a township for workers and a dedicated rail line. To take account of seasonal waterflow patterns and to preserve downstream construction sites, a considerable system of dykes and dams was built to form Little Long's headpond.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 24 Jul 2010

London Street
Location: ON
Operator: Peterborough Utilities Inc
Configuration: 1 X 1.2 MW, 1 X 1.4 MW, 1 X 1.5 MW Francis
Operation: 1950
T/G supplier: Canadian Vickers, Leffel, CGE, WHC
Quick facts: Located on the Otonabee River.

Photograph courtesy of Trent Rapids Power
Posted 15 Jan 2007

Marmora
Location: ON
Operator: Shaman Power Corp
Configuration: 1 MW
Operation: ??
T/G supplier: ??
Quick facts: Located on the Crowe River. Acquired by Shaman Power in 1996.

Photograph courtesy of Trent Rapids Power
Posted 15 Jan 2007

Misema
Location: ON
Operator: Canadian Renewable Energy Corp
Configuration: 1 X 3.2 MW Francis
Operation: 2003
T/G supplier: Litostroj
EPC: Acres International
Quick facts: Development of the Misema River project started in 1989 at a site known as Eighty Foot Falls. It is the first small hydro plant approved by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources after the Ontario energy market opened.

Photograph courtesy of Canadian Renewable Energy Corp
Posted 17 Jul 2003

Moose Rapids
Location: ON
Operator: Canadian Hydro Developers Inc
Configuration: 3 X 375 kW Kaplan
Operation: 1997
T/G supplier: Canadian Hydro Components, WHC
Quick facts: Moose Rapids is near Sudbury on the Wanapitei River, 5km downstream from Wanapitei Lake.

Photograph courtesy of Canadian Hydro Developers Inc
Posted 20 Oct 2007

Norman
Location: ON
Operator: ACH LP
Configuration: 5 X 3.3 MW propeller
Operation: 1925
T/G supplier: SMS, Westinghouse
Quick facts: Norman GS is on the Winnipeg River at the outlet of Lake of the Woods. Norman operates at a head of 6.4m.

Photograph courtesy of ACH LP
Posted 17 Jan 2011

Ontario Power
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 3 X 7.5 MW, 9 X 8.8 MW Francis
Operation: 1905-1913
T/G supplier: Voith, William S Morris, Western Electric, Canadian General Electric
Quick facts: Ontario Power is a 25Hz plant built at the base of Horseshoe Falls (Niagara) by an American company. In Dec 1999, OPG decommissioned the station to accommodate construction of the Casino Niagara on the former transformer building site overlooking Queen Victoria Park.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 4 Jun 2005

Peter Sutherland Sr
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 14-MW Francis
Operation: 2017
T/G supplier: Andritz
EPC: Aecon, Peter Kiewit Sons Co
Quick facts: This HPP was completed on budget and ahead of schedule on 5 Apr 2017. It was developed by a OPG in partnership with Coral Rapids Power, a company wholly-owned by Taykwa Tagamou Nation (TTN), which has a one-third share. The site is 80km north of Smooth Rock Falls, near the confluence of New Post Creek and the Abitibi River. A 250m long penstock moves water from New Post Creek to the powerhouse on the Abitibi. Also included in the scheme is a 340m long open channel and a 7km transmission tie-line. The project is named after a respected TTN elder. The project cost about CDN 300mn.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 16 Apr 2017

Ragged Chute
Location: ON
Operator: Canadian Hydro Developers Inc
Configuration: 2 X 3.3 MW S-turbines
Operation: 1991
T/G supplier: Suzler, GE
Quick facts: Ragged Chute is on the Montreal River 25km south of New Liskeard in northern Ontario. The site was originally developed in 1910 to supply compressed air to the silver mining community in nearby Cobalt.

Photograph courtesy of Canadian Hydro Developers Inc
Posted 20 Oct 2007

Rankine
Location: ON
Operator: FortisOntario
Configuration: 5 X 7.5 MW, 6 X 9.4 MW Francis
Operation: 1904-1924
T/G supplier: WHC, CGE
Quick facts: Canadian Niagara Power Co was incorporated in 1892. The American company built a hydroelectric plant above Horseshoe Falls that was named after William Birch Rankine, who led the development effort. Principal investors included the Rothchilds, J P Morgan, and John Jacob Astor IV. The final cost of the power station was $5.2mn. In 1950, the company became a subsidiary of Niagara Mohawk Power Co. Fortis acquired a 50% stake in 1996 and bought the remaining share in 2002.

Photograph courtesy of www.niagarafrontier.com
Posted 5 Jun 2005

Sandy Falls
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 950 kW, 1 X 1.595 MW Francis
Operation: 1911-1916 (ret)
T/G supplier: SMS, IPM, CGE
Quick facts: This site on the Mattagamia River was redeveloped with a single 5.5-MW unit built by a partnership of OPG and UMH Energy Inc. The site is 10km northwest of Timmins.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 29 Nov 2009

Sir Adam Beck-I
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 45 MW, 5 X 55 MW, 3 X 64 MW Francis
Operation: 1922-1930
T/G supplier: DEW, I P Morris, WHC, CGE
Quick facts: On New Years Day 1917, voters approved the construction of the Queenston-Chippawa power project. Construction began in May and continued for four and a half years. Construction of the 12.5mi hydro canal was one of the major engineering feats of the day. The 590ft powerhouse is 135ft wide and 18 stories in height. It contains ten T/G sets and cost $76mn. The plant was renamed after Sir Adam Beck in 1950.

Photograph courtesy of www.niagarafrontier.com
Posted 5 Jun 2005

Sir Adam Beck-II
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 16 X 80.5 MW Francis
Operation: 1954-1958
T/G supplier: Dominion Engineering, WHC, CGE
Quick facts: At completion, Sir Adam Beck II was the world's largest hydro plant. Water comes to the plant from twin intake tunnels the upper Niagara River running more than 5mi where they surface into an open cut canal running 2.25mi to the forebay. In 1956, a 750ac above-ground reservoir was completed. Six 30-MW reversible pump generator sets were installed as part of this project.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Re-posted 18 Mar 2007

Smoky Falls
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 4 X 13.2 MW Francis
Operation: 1928-1931
T/G supplier: AC, CGE
Quick facts: Smoky Falls was built by the Spruce Falls Power and Paper Co. The powerhouse is to the right and out of this photograph. A modern, 240-MW power station is proposed for the site. This will allow water to be used more efficiently and also allow for additional generators at downstream stations.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 24 Jul 2010

Stanley Adamson
Location: ON
Operator: Trent University
Configuration: 2 X 360 kW, 1 X 1.5 MW Francis
Operation: 1903-1926
T/G supplier: William Kennedy, MV, CGE
Quick facts: Trent University owns this SHP on the Otonabee River at the south end of their main Symons Campus. The station supplies around 40% of the campus electricity requirements. The plant is being rebuilt with three Andritz Ecobulb units.

Photograph courtesy of Trent University
Posted 17 Mar 2012

Sturgeon Falls
Location: ON
Operator: Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corp
Configuration: 7.5 MW
Operation: 1932-1964
T/G supplier: Holyoke Machine, S Morgan Smith, WHC, CGE
Quick facts: The plant was run to supply a Weyerhaeuser container board plant that closed in 2002. Subsequently, the plant was purchased by regional development agencies.

Photograph courtesy of Ministry of Northern Dev & Mines
Posted 13 Nov 2004

Stewartville
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 3 X 24 MW, 2 X 51 MW Francis
Operation: 1948-1969
T/G supplier: ACC, CGE
EPC: HEPC
Quick facts: Construction on the Stewartville Dam in Renfrew Co began in 1946. In the late 1960s, this and other plants on the Madawaska River were shifted to peaking operation. In 1984, the dam was the site of the first hot bitumen grouting repair work in Canada. The contractor was ECO Grouting Specialist Ltd.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 4 Jan 2009

Thomas Low
Location: ON
Operator: Renfrew Power Generation Inc
Configuration: 2 X 2 MW Kaplan
Operation: 2015
T/G supplier: Norcan, TES
EPC: BluMetric, Bonnechere Excavating Inc
Quick facts: This new SHP plant cost $C24.7mn and was built adjacent to RPG's existing Lower Plant. The scheme included a new buried double penstock plus surge stacks, the powerhouse, and new electrical works. The project loan from Toronto-Dominion Bank was guaranteed by RPG's owner, the Town of Renfrew. Thomas Low was a local industrialist was built several of the existing hydraulic structures in Refrewin the early 1900s. The new SHP was officially opened on 25 Sep 2015 by Ontario’s Energy Minister Bob Chiarelli and other dignitaries and local leaders.

Photograph courtesy of Renfrew Power Generation Inc
Posted 31 Oct 2015

Toronto Power
Location: ON
Operator: Toronto Power Co (original)
Configuration: 11 X 8.9 MW Francis
Operation: 1906 (ret 1973)
T/G supplier: ??

Photograph courtesy of www.niagarafrontier.com
Posted 5 Jun 2005

Twin Falls
Location: ON
Operator: ACH LP
Configuration: 5 X 4.05 MW Francis
Operation: 1921-1927
T/G supplier: IPM, Westinghouse
Quick facts: Twin Falls GS is on the Abitibi River. All five generators were rewound between 1982 and 1992, switchgear was modernized in 1999, and controls were modernized in 2009. Twin Falls is connected to the Hydro One 230kV circuit at Ansonville TS.

Photograph by Markus C (Panoramio)
Posted 17 Jan 2011

   

Wawaitin
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 3.75 MW, 2 X 2.5 MW Francis
Operation: 1912-1918
T/G supplier: SMS, WHC
Quick facts: This plant on the Mattagami River is 26km northeast of Timmins and was built to supply mining and domestic customers in the Porcupine area. In Nov 1944, it was acquired by Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario from Northern Ontario Power Co. On 1 Mar 2010, the old plant was shutdown in preparation for installation and commissioning of two new 7.5-MW T/G sets in Dec 2010. This was the last operating 25Hz station in Canada.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 18 Mar 2007

Flag of Ontario (Canada)

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 16-Apr-2017

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