Hydroelectric Power Plants in India - Himachal Pradesh

Baspa-II
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Jaiprakash Hydro-power Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 103 MW Pelton
Operation: 2003
T/G supplier: Vevey, Pelton
EPC: Jaiprakash Industries
Quick facts: At completion, Baspa-II was India’s largest private-power hydro plant. The scheme includes a diversion barrage, a power intake, two desilting chambers, a 7.95km long head race tunnel, an underground powerhouse, and 400kV switchyard.

Photograph courtesy of Jaiprakash Associates Ltd
Posted 7 Aug 2004

Bassi
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Himachal Pradesh SEB
Configuration: 2 X 16.5 MW, 2 X 15 MW3 X 77 MW Pelton
Operation: 2012
T/G supplier: AEI, BHEL, Andritz
EPC: Hindustan Construction Co
Quick facts: This project was the thrid hydel plant built in Jogindar Nagar, Mandi District. It is located in the north-western ranges of the Himalayas. In 2007, Andritz was retained to rebuild and upgrade the bassi nits and the first tw were handed over in 2012.

Photograph courtesy of Andritz
Posted 1 Sep 2012

Binwa
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Himachal Pradesh SEB
Configuration: 2 X 3 MW
Operation: 1986
T/G supplier: ??

Photograph courtesy of Himachal Pradesh SEB
Posted 20 Jun 2004

Chamera-I
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: NHPC Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 180 MW Francis
Operation: 1994
T/G supplier: Alstom, CGE
EPC: SNC Lavalin
Quick facts: Chamera-I is on the River Ravi. The 140m high, 295m long concrete arch gravity dam at Churah retains water that passes through a 6.4km, 9.5m dia head race tunnel to the underground powerhouse at Khairi at the confluence with the River Seva. The project cost Rs 2114 Cr.

Photograph courtesy of Ministry of Water Resources
Posted 11 Mar 2006

Chamera-III
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: NHPC Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 77 MW Francis
Operation: 2012
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: Hindustan Construction Co
Quick facts: Chamera-II has a 64m high concrete gravity dam on the River Ravi, an underground disilting arrangement with two parallel chambers each 200m x 13m x 17m in size, a 6.5m, 16km horseshoe-shaped tunnel, a 105m high, 18n diameter, and an underground powerhouse. Chamera-III was commissioned on 4 Jul 2012. The sanctioned cost was Rs1405.63 Cr. Annual production is expected to be about 1,100 GWh, of which 12% will be supplied to the state gratis.

Photograph courtesy of Alstom
Posted 11 Jul 2012

Gaj
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Himachal Pradesh SEB
Configuration: 3 X 3.5 MW Pelton
Operation: 1989
T/G supplier: Voest

Photograph courtesy of Himachal Pradesh SEB
Posted 20 Jun 2004

Kailash Chand Mahajan
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Himachal Pradesh SEB
Operation: 2000
Configuration: 1 X 1 MW Francis
T/G supplier: Triveni, Kirloskar
EPC: Subhash Projects
Quick facts: This plant is named after Padmashree Kailash Chand Mahajan, a former Chief Engineer of Punjab and later Chairman of Himachal Pradesh SEB.

Photograph courtesy of Alternate Hydro Energy Center
Posted 29 Dec 2008

Karcham-Wangtoo
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Jaiprakash Hydro-Power Ltd
Configuration: 4 X 250 MW Francis
Operation: 2011
T/G supplier: VA TECH, VOith
EPC: Jaiprakash Associates
Quick facts: In Mar 2003, Karcham-Wangtoo received TEC, almost 10yrs after an MOU was first signed for project in Aug 1993. The site is on the Satluj River between Karcham and Wangtoo villages in Kinnaur district, 210km from Shimla. The run-of-river project utilized the head available between the tail waters of Baspa and the headwaters of Nathpa Jhakri. The scheme has a 43m concrete gravity dam, a 10m, 17km long headrace tunnel, and an underground power-house. The Rs7,150cr project is expected to supply 4,560 GWh/yr and was the largest hydropower project to commissioned in the 11th Five Year Plan.

Photograph courtesy of dailypostindia.com
Posted 22 Sep 2012

 

Malana
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Malana Power Co Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 43-MW Francis
Operation: 2001
T/G supplier: BHEL
EPC: RSW Inc
Quick facts: In Jan 1999, construction got underway on the run-of-river Malana hydo plant at Chauki Village, Kulu district. The operator and 51% owner is Malana Power, a member of the LNJ Bhilwara Group. SN Power has a 49% stake in the Rs3,320cr merchant plant. Malana was commissioned in July 2001 after 30mos of construction, a then record for India. The 6-jet Pelton turbines are at the base of a 850m steel-lined pressure shaft and run baseload during hte rainy season

Photograph courtesy of SN Power
Posted 16 Jun 2010

Nathpa Jakri
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: SJVN Ltd
Configuration: 6 X 250 MW Francis
Operation: 2003-2004
T/G supplier: Kvaerner, Siemens
EPC: CEA, Continental Construction, Foundation Co of Canada
Quick facts: At completion, this was the largest hydroelectric plant in India. The construction contracts were awarded in May 1993. The project scope includes a 61.5m concrete gravity dam on the Satluj River, 4 intakes, 4 desilting chambers, a 10.15m diameter, 27.3km headrace tunnel terminating in 21m diamenter, 225m deep surge shafts, and three 4.9m pressure shafts giving a head of 425m at the underground powerhouse. Production is expected to be 6.8-7.4 TWh/yr depending on flows.

Photograph courtesy of Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd
Posted 20 Jun 2004

Pong Dam
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Bhakra Beas Management Board
Configuration: 6 X 66 MW Francis
Operation: 1978-1983
T/G supplier: BHEL
EPC: Beas Design Organisation, Axel Johnson Engineering
Quick facts: The Indus Waters Treaty governs the use of the Beas River. The second phase of the Beas Project is the Pong Dam, built  on the Beas just before it enters the plains at Talwara. At 435ft maximum height, the gravel-shell, earth-core dam was the tallest of its type in India at completion in 1975. The Maharana Partap Reservoir behind the dam is a major recreational and wildlife sanctuary.

Photograph courtesy of Bhakra Beas Management Board
Posted 4 Mar 2009

Rongtong
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Himachal Pradesh SEB
Configuration: 3 X 750-kW Francis
Operation: 1986
T/G supplier: Jyoti
EPC: AHEC, PCP International
Quick facts: This plant is sited at 3,600m altitude, reputedly the highest hydroelectric plant in the world. Construction took about 10yrs.

Photograph courtesy of Himachal Pradesh SEB
Posted 28 Apr 2010

   

 

Shanan
Location: Himachal Pradesh
Operator: Punjab State Electricity Board
Configuration: 4 X 15 MW, 1 X 50 MW Pelton
Operation: 1932-1982
T/G supplier: Ganz, Alsthom, BHEL
EPC: State of Punjab Engineering Dept
Quick facts: This scheme was initiated by Col Battye, Chief Engineer of the government of Punjab, in 1922. It uses water from two small rivulets at an altitude of about 6,000ft, in the Brot Calley. The 48-MW first stage cost Rs2.5mn and was commissioned in 1932. The machines were rehabilitated and uprated in 1982 to 15 MW. The 50-MW second phase was commissioned in Mar 1982 and the original machines were uprated to 15 MW in a project completing in Dec 1982.

Photograph courtesy of Punjab State Electricity Board
Posted 7 Dec 2008

 

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 22-Sep-2012

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