Hydroelectric Power Plants in Pakistan

Allai Khwar
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 2 X 60.5 MW Pelton
Operation: 2012
T/G supplier: VA TECH
EPC: Northwest Hydro Consulting Engineers, High-Head Consultants, Guangdong Yuantian Engineering Co
Quick facts: This HPP is located on the Allai Khwar River, a left bank tributary of Indus River, in Besham District The site is 245km from Islamabad.
Project compnents include a dam, power intake , sand Trap, 2.4km pressure tunnel, a power house and switchyard. The cost was about Rs 6.71bn. The dam was completed and water diversion started on 30 Jun 2012. Ouput is expected to ve 560 GWh/yr.

Photograph courtesy of EGC Pvt Ltd
Posted 25 Aug 2012

Chashma Barrage
Location: Punjab
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 8 X 22.5-MW bulb
Operation: 2000-2001
T/G supplier: Fuji
EPC: Sogreah, National Engineering Services, Hyundai
Quick facts: Due to the low head, this site at Chashma on the Indus River was not particularly attractive for power development until the deployment of more efficient bulb turbine technology. The plant was completed in Mar 2001.

Photograph courtesy of Pakistan Electric Power Co
Posted 10 Oct 2009

Ghazi Barotha
Location: Punjab
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 5 X 290 MW Francis
Operation: 2003-2004
T/G supplier: Voith, Toshiba
EPC: Pakistan Hydro Consultants, Associated Consulting Engineers, Binnie, Harza, Ewbank Preece, Impreglio, Zublin, Nazir & Co, Saadullah Khan & Brothers
Quick facts: The project cost about $2.1bn and was supported by lending from the ADB, EIB, Islamic Development Bank, JBIC, KfW, and the World Bank. Construction started in Dec 1995 and Unit-1 testing started in May 2003.

Photograph courtesy of WAPDA
Posted 8 May 2005

Gomal Zam
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: North West Frontier Province Irrigation & Drainage Authority
Configuration: 2 X 8.7-MW Francis
Operation: 2013
T/G supplier: Nanning
EPC: China National Water Resources & Hydropower Engineering, Harbin Power Engineering Co, Sinohydro
Quick facts: This 133m high RCC dam is on the Gomal River at a narrow ravine near Khajuri Kach in South Waziristan Agency. The Gomal flows from Afghanistan southeast to the Indus River. The site was first identified by British engineers in 1898 and first work for a multipuropose project was approved in 1963. In the event, construction did not begin until Aug 2001. A Chinese JV was hired in 2002 to build the project but work was terminated in Oct 2006 after serious local security issues. In 2007 the Frontier Works Organisation was put in charge and Sinohydro was retained to complete the dam and power station. By year-end 2011, construction was said to be 98% complete with full operation scheduled for early 2013. The total cost of the project is about Rs 12bn. USAID provided funding for project completion.

Photograph courtesy of U.S. Agency for Intl Development
Posted 14 Jan 2012

Khan Khwar
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 2 X 34 MW Francis, 1 X 4 MW Pelton
Operation: 2010
T/G supplier: Dongfang
EPC: Pakistan Engineering Services Pvt Ltd, High-Head Consultants, Sinohydro
Quick facts: Work on the Khan Khwar HPP began in Jun 2003. It went online in Nov 2010 and was fomrally commissioned on 13 Jul 2012. The HPP is expected to produce 306 GWH/yr. This project was built on Khan Khwar (Nullah), a right bank tributary of the River Indus near Besham Town in Shangla District. The main components are a 46m high and 112m long dam, a 5km power tunnel and powerhouse and a switchyard. Khan Kwar conects to the grid via a 132/220kV tie-line. The project cost of Rs10.73bn including a Rs5.049bn foreign exchange component. The Islamic Development Bank provided a $30.8mn loan.

Photograph courtesy of High-Head Consultants
Posted 25 Aug 2012

Malakand-III
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: Sarhad Hydel Development Organization
Configuration: 3 X 27 MW Francis
Operation: 2008
T/G supplier: Harbin
EPC: China International Water & Electric, Harbin Power Station Engineering, Pakistan Engineering Services, Northeast Investigation Design & Research Inst, Albario Engineering
Quick facts: This hydel project is not far from the existing power stations of Jabban and Dargai on Upper Swat Canal System, Swabi Scarp, in NWFP, 165km from Islamabad. The project cost about $44mn inclusive of a 132kV link to Dargai. Malakand-III is linked with the Bezai irrigation scheme whereby over 20,000ac of additional land will be brought under irrigation for use by residents of Mardan, Swabi and adjacent areas. Unit-1 went online in Jun 2008 and the plant was turned over on 26 Dec 2008.

Photograph courtesy of China Northeastern Investigation Design & Research Co
Posted 19 Jul 2009

Jagran-I
Location: AJK
Operator: AJK Hydro Electric Board
Configuration: 5 X 6 MW Pelton
Operation: 2000
T/G supplier: Neyrpic, Alstom
EPC: Cegelec, Skansa, Compelex France, Sogreah
Quick facts: Jagran-I is on Jagran Nullah, a right bank tributary of the Neelum River. The run-of-river power station is 17km upstream of the confluence with Neelum River and at a road distance of 90km from Muzaffarabad. The project cos Rs 4,400mn of which Rs 1912mn was arranged by Banque Indosuez and insured by COFACE, SEK 219mn was arranged by Nordic Investment Bank and Banque Indosuez Sverige and insured by EKN, and Rs 1543mn was allocated from the provincial government. The plant was commissioned on 23 Oct 2000 after 4+ years of construction. Owners engineers were MM Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd and National Engineering Services. Jagran-I was one of several AJK Hydro facilities damaged by torrential rains and heavy flooding in Jul 2010.

Photograph courtesy of Agence Française de Développement
Posted 2 Feb 2013

Kel
Location: AJK
Operator: AJK Hydro Electric Board
Configuration: 2 X 200 kW
Operation: ??
T/G supplier: ??
EPC: Pakistan Power Construction, Pakistan Army
Quick facts: Kel town in Neelum Dist is about 160km from Muzaffarabad

Photograph courtesy of AJK Hydro Electric Board
Posted 2 Feb 2013

Kundal Shahi
Location: AJK
Operator: AJK Hydro Electric Board
Configuration: 2 X 1 MW Francis
Operation: 1992
T/G supplier: Litostroj
EPC: Ebasco, Frontier Works Organisation
Quick facts: This SHP is on the right bank of Jagran Nullah at 4,200ft elevation. It was built in part to supply Azad Kashmir Logging and Saw Mills

Photograph courtesy of AJK Hydro Electric Board
Posted 2 Feb 2013

Mangla
Location: AJK
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 8 X 100-MW Francis
Operation: 1977-1994
T/G supplier: MHI, Hitachi, ACEC Escher Wyss, CKD, Skoda
EPC: National Engineering Services, Albario Engineering, Frontier Works Organisation, ICC (Pvt) Ltd
Quick facts: This earthfill dam 120km southeast of Islamabad on the Jhelum River is the 12th largest in the world. The 3.35km crest rises 116m from the river bed at its maximum. Initial investigations for the multipurpose project began in 1958, followed by construction in 1962 and dam completion in 1967. Power generation equipment was added starting about 10yrs later. Plant output in 2006/07 was 6,150 GWhs. The tailrace discharges to the New Bob Canal.

Photograph courtesy of Pakistan Electric Power Co
Posted 10 Oct 2009

New Bong Escape
Location: AJK
Operator: Laraib Energy Ltd
Configuration: 4 X 21-MW Bulb
Operation: 2013
T/G supplier: Andritz
EPC: Sambu Construction, Hyundai E&C, Norplan (OE), Mott MacDonald (LE), MWH-NESPAK JV (OE)
Quick facts: In May 1996, Lariab Energy Ltd was issued a Letter of Support (LOS) for this hydroelectric project in Mirpur Dist, 120km from Islamabad. In Dec 2001, an MOU was signed with WAPDA and concession documents were signed in 2004. In Nov 2005, the ADB approved a $37.3mn loan for the plant, and in 2007, the Policy Reference Tariff of 4.7 cents/kWh was revised by the government to a levelized tariff of 5.89 cents/kWh over the 25yr concession period. The $161mn, BOOT project is 7.5km downstream from Mangla and is the first hydro IPP in the country. The powerhouse is supplied by water originating from Mangla Reservoir released into the Bong Canal and there is no new reservoir or other water storage associated with the project. PM Nawaz Sharif opened New Bong on 15 Jul 2013.

Photograph by Waqas Raza (Panoramio)
Posted 17 Jul 2013

Reshun
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: Pakhtunkhwa Hydel Development Organization
Configuration: 3 X 1.4-MW Pelton
Operation: 1991-2005
T/G supplier: WKV
EPC: Sarhad Hydel Development Organization
Quick facts: GTZ provided assistance to Sarhad Hydel Development Organization (SHYDO) for the preparation of feasibility studies and the construction of this SHP on Reshun Gol in Chitral Dist. Posch & Partner GmbH was the team lead. The projet connects to a 33kV substation on the PESCO Grid.

Photograph by Hanbal Mehboob Hus (Panoramio)
Posted 12 Oct 2009

 
Tarbela
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 10 x 175-MW, 4 x 432-MW Francis
Operation: 1977-1993
T/G supplier: Hitachi, DEW, DB Sulzer, CGE, SZEW, ABB, Siemens
EPC: Campenon-Bernard, CT Main, Descon Engineering, National Engineering Services
Quick facts: After the conclusion of the Indus Basin Treaty with India in 1960, work was started on the massive, 16-component Indus Basin Project (IBP). The largest rock and earthfill dam in the world was built in 1974 on the Indus River at Tarbela. The 148m high, 3000m long dam has two gated spillways and five tunnels that provide irrigation releases and water for power generation. Tarbela was the last facility to be built under the Indus Basin Settlement Plan and generates around 15 TWh/yr. Three 450-MW units are in planning for the site.

Photograph courtesy of Pakistan Electric Power Co
Posted 2 Oct 2011

Warsak
Location: Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 6 X 40-MW Francis
Operation: 1960-1981
T/G supplier: DEW, CGE
EPC: Acres, National Engineering Services (Pvt) Ltd, Angus Robertson
Quick facts: Warsak HPP is on the River Kabul 30km from Peshawar. The project was financed by Canadian Government and completed under the Colombo Plan in two phases. The first phase included the dam, irrigation tunnel, civil works for Phase-II, installation of four units, and the 132kV transmission system. This was completed in 1960 at a total cost of Rs394.98mn. Two additional generating units were added in 1980-81 at a cost of Rs.106.25mn as the second phase. Warsak Reservoir has now silted up to the point that there is practically no available storage so the plant operates on a run-of-river basis. 

Photograph by sachgap (Panoramio)
Posted 10 Oct 2009

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 12-Oct-2013

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