Nuclear Power Plants in France
Belleville
Location: Cher
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,363 MW PWR
Operation: 1987-1988
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: EDF, GTM
Quick facts: Belleville is on the Loire River. The plant was authorized in Nov 1978.

Photograph courtesy of Autorite de Surete Nucleaire
Posted 21 Feb 2005

Blayais
Location: Gironde
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 4 X 951 MW PWR
Operation: 1981-1983
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Spie-Batignolles, Dumez
Quick facts: Blayais celebrated its 30th Anniversary in 2011. Since operation began, the plant has supplied 674 TWh to the French power system. In 2010, production was 26.3 TWh. In 1976, construction started at the 227ha site on the Gironde Estuary in Braud Saint Louis. Units 1&2 began using MOX fuel in 1997 and 1994, respectively. In 2004, the rotor was changed out at Uni-2 giving an additional 30 MW of output.

Photograph courtesy of EDF
Posted 25 Jun 2011

Bugey No 1
Location: Ain
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 1 X 555 MW GCR
Operation: 1972 (ret 1994)
Reactor supplier: multiple vendors
T/G supplier: Rateau, Jeumont-Schneider
EPC: EDF, Dumez
Quick facts: Bugey-1 was the last GCR built by EDF and was selected as the lead French gas reactor for decommissioning. The 100ha site on the Rhone River was later expanded with four 900-MW PWRs. The final dismantling phase of Bugey-1 was authorized by decree in Nov 2008 after a public inquiry conducted in 2006. EDF is modeling the activity on work previously done at the Ft St Vrain GCR in the USA. The work is to complete in 2025.

Photograph courtesy of France Télévisions
Posted 25 Jun 2011

Bugey 2-5
Location: Ain
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 945 MW, 2 X 917 MW1 X 555 MW GCR
Operation: 1978-1979
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Bouygues
Quick facts: Bugey is in Saint-Vulbas. The plant supplies about 40% of the electricity demand in the Rhone-Alpes region.

Photograph courtesy of www.agenceinfolibre.fr
Posted 2 Apr 2016

Cattenom
Location: Moselle
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 4 X 1,362 MW PWR
Operation: 1986-1991
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Spie-Batignolles, Dumez
Quick facts: Cattenom is on the Moselle River. The site was approved in 1978 although opposed by the Luxembourg government. The site was formerly used as the garrison for one of the infantry regiments responsible for defending the Maginot Line which traversed the area. Makeup for the cooling towers is from a purpose-built reservoir known as Lake Mirgenbach in the Vosges Mountains.

Photograph courtesy of EDF
Re-posted 25 Jun 2011

Chinon
Location: Indre-et-Loire
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: "A" Plant 1 X 70 MW, 1 X 180 MW, 1 X 400 MW GCR, "B" Plant 4 X 954 MW PWR
Operation: 1964-1988
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, GTM
Quick facts: Chinon A1 "La Boule" was the launch EDF reactor in France, Two more GCRs were built at the A Plant, Unit-A2 retired in 1985 and Unit-A3 in 1990. The large circular mechanical draft cooling towers are unique in France. Makeup is from the Loire River. La Boule is now le Musée de l'Atome.

Photograph by Marc Morceau and courtesy of EDF
Posted 21 Feb 2010

Chooz-B
Location: Ardennes
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,560 MW PWR
Operation: 1998-2000
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: EDF, Bouygues
Quick facts: EDF chose this site on the Franco-Belgian border in the early 1960s as it was close to high-voltage transmission lines to Belgium. Chooz-A (310 MW) began operations in Apr 1967 as the first PWR using a design based on the Yankee Rowe plant. The unit was shutdown in Nov 1991 and in Apr 2010, Westinghouse Electric was awarded a contract to provide reactor vessel dismantling services. The project is expected to take 6½ yrs to complete. The "B" plant was built in partnership with the Belgian utilities Electrabel and SPE.

Photograph courtesy of www.ct24.cz
Re-posted 30 Jun 2007

Civaux
Location: Vienne
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,561 MW PWR
Operation: 1998-2000
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: EDF, Bouygues
Quick facts: The sister N4 units at Chooz-B and Civaux are the largest nuclear generating units in the world. The Civaux units were authorized in 1986 and approved for construction in 1998. Unit-1 went commercial in Aug 1999. The plant reportedly cost $4.1bn. The Arabelle turbines are 51.2m long, 12.8m wide, and weigh 2,810t. The cooling towers are 180m and 153m in diameter at the base.

Photograph courtesy of Omega Concept
Re-posted 30 Jun 2007

Cruas
Location: Ardeche
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 4 X 956 MW PWR
Operation: 1983-1984
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Campenon-Bernard
Quick facts: Cruas is on the Rhone River between Valence and Montelimar. Construction started in 1976. The painting entitled Aquarius on one half of one of the cooling towers is the work of Jean-Marie Pierret and was painted with the assistance of 9 climbers. The work took 4,000l of paint and took about 8,000hrs to complete. It was inaugurated in 2005.

Photograph by theisencamille (Panoramio)
Posted 21 Feb 2010

Dampierre
Location: Loiret
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 4 X 937 MW PWR
Operation: 1980-1981
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Chantiers Modernes, Sainrapt et Brice, Ballot
Quick facts: Dampierre's production in 2010 was 24.9 TWh, or 5% of all French power production. The 180ha site is on the Loire River in Dampierre-en-Burly. Construction started in 1974 and Dampierre connects to the 400kV substation la Tabarderie north of the site.

Photograph courtesy of EDF
Posted 25 Jun 2011

Fessenheim
Location: Haut-Rhin
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 920 MW PWR
Operation: 1977
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Campenon-Bernard
Quick facts: In 1967, this site along the Grand Canal d'Alsace 23km northest of Mulhouse was selected for deployment of a pair of 750-MW units. The project was uprated to 950-MW sets by the time construction started in Jun 1970. Unit-1 was commissioned in Mar 1977 and connected to the national grid in Aug 1977.These are the oldest nuclear units still in operation in France. Production in 2009 was 8.7 TWh.

Photograph courtesy of Electricite de France
Re-posted 9 Jul 2016

Flamanville
Location: Basse-Normandie
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,382 MW PWR
Operation: 1985-1986
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
Quick facts: Flamanville is on the Contentin Peninsula. In part, the plant site consisted of an old granite quarry, then an ion ore mine, which was in operation until 1962. The NPP site is 120ha, half of which is reclaimed land.

Photograph courtesy of Electricite de France
Re-posted 9 Sep 2009

Flamanville-3
Location: Basse-Normandie
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 1 X 1,750 MW PWR
Operation: 2018
Reactor supplier: Areva
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: Areva, Alstom, Bouygues
Quick facts: Flamanville is the launch site for the EPR reactor in France. Site preparation began in 2003, the EDF Board of Directors approved the project in May 2006, and the reactor was ordered Jan 2007, the 100th reactor ordered from Framatome (Areva). ASN licensed the unit in Mar 2007 and first concrete for the power block was placed on 3 Dec 2007 to schedule. The original estimated cost of the new unit was €3.3bn. The schedule has slipped several times and the estimated cost has been raised to about €10.5bn. Enel SpA has a 12.5% stake in Flamanville-3. Photo from Feb 2017.

Photograph courtesy of EDF
Re-posted 18 Mar 2017

Golfech
Location: Tarn-et-Garonne
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,363 MW PWR
Operation: 1991-1993
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
Quick facts: Golfech is on the Tarn River between Agen and Toulouse. Site development dates to 1965, but the project was deferred until reactivated in 1973. In 1978, the site was released for construction of four 1,300-MW reactors but only two were eventually built. The first unit went commercial on 1 Feb 1991.

Photograph courtesy of EDF
Re-posted 25 Jun 2011

Gravelines
Location: Nord
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 6 X 951 MW PWR
Operation: 1980-1985
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Societe General d'Enterprises
Quick facts: Gravelines is on the North Sea coast near the mouth of the As River 21km east of Calais. It is the largest NPP in western Europe. In 2008, plant output was 37.6 TWh. On 27 Aug 2010, Gravelines delivered its 100 millionth MWh to the grid, becoming the first nuclear power station to reach the petawatt-hour landmark. Part of the cooling water discharge is routed to local aquaculture facilities.

Photograph courtesy of EDF
Re-posted 25 Jun 2011

ITER
Location: Gard
Operator: ITER
Configuration: 500 MWe equivalent
Operation: 2020
Reactor supplier: ITER
EPC: ITER, Vinci
Quick facts: This is an artist’s conception of the the world's largest and most advanced experimental tokamak nuclear fusion reactor at Cadarache. The €13bn project is jointly-funded by the EU, China, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the USA. The EU, as host party for the complex, is contributing 45% of the cost, with the other six parties contributing 9%. The ITER fusion reactor is designed to produce 500 MW for 50 MW of input power, but there will be no electric output. Preliminary construction of the facility began in 2007, and a Viinci-led consortiu of 7 companies was award the €300mn main civil enerineering contract in Jan 2013. The first plasma in the 23,000t tokamak reactor is expected in 2020. The first commercial demonstration fusion power plant, named DEMO, is proposed to follow on from the ITER project to commercialize fusion energy.

Artist's conception courtesy of ITER
Posted 28 Dec 2011

Marcoule G1
Location: Gard
Operator: Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA)
Configuration: 1 X 5 MW GCR
Operation: 1956 (ret 1968)
Reactor supplier: SACM
T/G supplier: ??
Quick facts: This was a prototype of the French Uranium Naturel Graphite Gas (UNGG) reactor, a gas-cooled design developed in parallel to the Magnox reactors in the UK. Ten larger units were built, including Vandellos-1 in Spain, the only example outside France reactor gas. The G1 reactor was completed on 7 Jan 1956 after 18mos of construction. It was shutdown in 1968. La "cheminée" a 100m ventilation stack at the G1 reactor that was a site landmark, was demolished on 9 Jul 2003 following two years of preparation.

Photograph courtesy of Archives de France
Posted 28 Mar 2010

Marcoule G2 & G3
Location: Gard
Operator: Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA), COGEMA
Configuration: 2 X 43 MW GCR
Operation: 1959 (ret 1984)
Reactor supplier: SACM
T/G supplier: Rateau
Quick facts: There were the next two UNGG reactors and were mostly used for plutonium production. Level 2 decommissioning status was achieved in 1997. For a time, Marcoule was planned to be the site for Astrid, a prototype, 600-MW Generation IV sodium fast reactor.

Photograph by J M Taillat and courtesy of Areva/CEA
Posted 28 Mar 2010

Monts d'Arree
Location: Finistere
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 1 X 82 MW HWR
Operation: 1967 (ret 1985)
Reactor supplier: Groupement pour les Activites Atomiques et Avancees
T/G supplier: Compagnie Electro-mechanique de Montage
Quick facts: Construction of this experimental heavy-water, CO2-cooled reactor started on 1 Jul 1962. Criticality was on 23 Dec 1966 and the plant went commercial on 1 Jun 1968. The unit was shutdown on 31 Jul 1985 and is being decommissioned at an estimated cost of €482mn. Also known as Brennilis.

Photograph by Loic (wikimedia)
Posted 3 Apr 2008

Nogent
Location: Aube
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,363 MW PWR
Operation: 1987-1988
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom

Photograph by Guillaume Lemarshal and courtesy of EDF
Re-posted 20 Jun 2007

Paluel
Location: Seine-Maritime
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 4 X 1,382 MW PWR
Operation: 1985-1986
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Campenon-Bernard
Quick facts: Paluel is 30km southwest of Dieppe. The plant was ordered in Jul 1975.

Photograph courtesy of Electricite de France
Re-posted 9 Jul 2016

Penly
Location: Seine-Maritime
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,382 MW PWR
Operation: 1990-1992
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
Quick facts: Penly is expected to be the site of the second French EPR.

Photograph courtesy of Sité des Informations Dieppoises
Posted 21 Feb 2005

Phénix
Location: Gard
Operator: Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA)
Configuration: 1 X 250 MW FBR
Operation: 1973 (ret 2009)
Reactor supplier: CEM
T/G supplier: CEM
EPC: CEM, Societe General d'Enterprises
Quick facts: When closed on 6 Mar 2009, this was the last commercial-scale fast breeder reactor in Europe. Phénix was developed at the Marcoul site as a prototype fast breeder. EDF had a 20% stake in the plant and was responsible for power generation. The reactor had been operating at about 140 MWe for 10yrs, but its key function was as a R&D facility for radionuclide transmutation tests.

Photograph by A Gonin and courtesy of CEA
Posted 9 Mar 2005

Saint-Alban
Location: Bouygues
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 1,381 MW PWR
Operation: 1985-1986
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: EDF, Bouygues
Quick facts: Saint-Alban is on the left bank of the Rhone 50km south of Lyon. The 180ha site is in the communes of Saint-Alban-du-Rhône et de Saint-Maurice-l’Exil. Average annual site production is 16.5 TWh, almost 15% of consumption in Rhône-Alpes. Total site production through 31 Dec 2009 was 364 TWh.

Photograph courtesy of Areva
Posted 25 Jun 2011

Saint-Laurent-A
Location: Alsace
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 1 X 390 MW, 1 X 450 MW GCR
Operation: 1969-1971 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Grand Trauaux de Marseille
Quick facts: The "A" units were retired in 1990 and 1992, respectively. Unit-A1 went commercial in Jan 1969. In Oct 1969, there was a partial fuel meltdown in one of the fuel channels caused by operator error during online refueling. Several modifications were made to the refueling system and the reactor was repaired and restarted about a year later.

Photograph by Clicgauche (wikimedia)
Posted 15 Oct 2008

Saint-Laurent-B
Location: Alsace
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 2 X 956 MW PWR
Operation: 1981
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Grand Trauaux de Marseille
Quick facts: Saint-Laurent is on the Loire about 30km downstream from Orleans.

Photograph by Nitot (wikimedia)
Posted 28 Apr 2008

Superphénix
Location: Isère
Operator: Centrale Nucleaire Europeene a Neutrons Rapides SA (Nersa)
Configuration: 1 X 1,242 MW FBR
Operation: 1986 (ret 1998)
Reactor supplier: Novatome
T/G supplier: Ansaldo
EPC: Nersa
Quick facts: This was the world's largest fast breeder reactor and was designed for power generation. The site is on the Rhone River not far from the Swiss border. Design work began in 1968 as construction started on the Phénix plant. Construction on Superphénix was approved in 1972 and got underway in 1974. The reactor was connected to the grid in Jan 1986. Plagued by technical problems and growing political opposition, it operated intermittently for years – generating a total of 8 TWh – and was finally shutdown in Dec 1998. The total investment was about €9.1bn. Nersa is 51% owned by EDF.

Photograph by Yann Forget
Posted 12 Sep 2007

   
Tricastin
Location: Drome
Operator: Électricité de France
Configuration: 4 X 955 MW PWR
Operation: 1983-1984
Reactor supplier: Framatome
T/G supplier: Alsthom
EPC: EDF, Campenon-Bernard
Quick facts: This plant is in St-Paul-Trois-Chateaux on the right bank floodway of the Rhone. In 2007, Tricastin put out a plant record 27.07 TWh. The power station is on a 600ha site which houses the world's largest concentration of commercial nuclear companies and facilities in the world including Areva's George-Besse enrichment plant (Eurodif) and the Comurhex conversion plant. In total, the nuclear industry employs 6,000 people at the Tricastin complex.

Photograph courtesy of easydep.com
Posted 21 Feb 2010

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 18-Mar-2017

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