Nuclear Power Plants in Germany
Biblis
Location: HE
Operator: RWE Power AG
Configuration: 1 X 1,255 MW, 1 X 1,300 MW PWR
Operation: 1974-1976 (ret 2011)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Hochtief
Quick facts: This plant is on the Rhine River in south Hesse and was the largest nuclear plant in Germany for almost 10yrs. Block A went critical on 16 Jul 1974 and Block B on 25 Mar 1976. Block A supplied power for the first time on 25 Aug 1974. The plant had about 650 full-time staff and spent some €100mn/yr in the region. Total output in 2008 was 20 TWh, an all-time station record and about half of Hesse's electricity demand. The plant was declared shutdown on 6 Aug 2011 as part of Germany's plan to phase-out commercial nuclear power following catastrophic earthquake and tsunami damage at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi NPP.

Photograph courtesy of RWE Power AG
Posted 23 Jun 2004

Brokdorf
Location: SH
Operator: E.ON Kernkraftwerk
Configuration: 1,480 MW PWR
Operation: 1986
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: Commercial on 22 Dec 1986.

Photograph by Peter Hamel and courtesy of E.ON AG
Posted 26 May 2004

Brunsbuttel
Location: SH
Operator: Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH
Configuration: 806 MW BWR
Operation: 1977 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
Quick facts: Commercial on 9 Feb 1977, owned by Vattenfall (66.6%) and E.ON (33.3%). This NPPP was closed in Jul 2007 and never returned to service. Sister unit to Isar-1, Philipsburg-1, Isar-1 and the never opened Zwentendorf NPP in Austria.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Posted 24 Apr 2004

Emsland Lingen)
Location: NI
Operator: Kernkraftwerk Lippe-Ems
Configuration: 1,363 MW PWR
Operation: 1988
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
Quick facts: Jointly-owned by RWE (87.5%) and E.ON (12.5%). Commercial on 20 Jun 1988.

Photograph courtesy of Siemens AG
Posted 12 May 2001

Greifswald
Location: MV
Operator: Kernkraftwerk Greifswald GmbH
Configuration: 5 X 440 MW PWR CHP
Operation: 1973-1989 (ret 1990)
Reactor supplier: AEE, Skoda
T/G supplier: Skoda, Electrosila
EPC: AEE
Quick facts: This unique site was designed for eight VVER-440 reactors in four, double-unit reactor halls and a single 1.2km long turbine hall. Units 1-4 were Model V-230 reactors while Units 5-8 were Model V-213. Unit-5 never went into full commercial operation and development on Units 6-8 was terminated. The four operating units were closed after post-unification safety evaluations concluded that retrofits were not economically justified. This was one of the few European nuclear plants integrating district heating capability. Some of the unused spent fuel assemblies were sent to Paks in Hungary. Greifswald was also known as Nord or Bruno Leuschner.

Photograph by Harald909 (wikimedia)
Posted 10 Aug 2008

Grafenrheinfeld
Location: BY
Operator: E.ON Kernkraftwerk
Configuration: 1,345 MW PWR
Operation: 1982 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: Planning began in 1972 for this single-unit NP. Construction began in 1975 and the 380kV switchyard completed in 1976. Commercial operation began on 17 Jun 1982 and KKG became was the world's first nuclear unit to reach the 10 TWh/yr level (10.5 TWh in 1984). At 23.59 on 27 Jun 2015, the unit was taken off the grid for the last time. Grafenrheinfeld generated over 333 TWh in its lifetime. During this period, over €600mn was invested in modernization and plant security. At closure, about 560 people were on-staff at the site.

Photograph by Strauss and courtesy of E.ON AG
Posted 26 May 2004

Grohnde
Location: NI
Operator: E.ON Kernkraftwerk
Configuration: 1,430 MW PWR
Operation: 1984
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Dyckerhoff & Widman, Wakyss & Freitag, Hegdkamp
Quick facts: Jointly-owned by E.ON (83.3%) and Stadtwerke Bielefeld AG (16.7%). Construction of the NPP was permissioned on 8 Jun 1976, the reactor went ciritical on 31 Aug 1984, and was synchronized on 5 Sep 1984. Grohnde went commercial on 1 Feb 1985 and has been the world champion generator 8 time since then. In late Feb 2016, Grohnde becae the first nuclear generating unit to produce 350 TWh.

Photograph courtesy of www.handelsblatt.com
Re-posted 16 Mar 2016

Gundremmingen-A
Location: BY
Operator: KKW Gundremmingen
Configuration: 1 X 250 MW BWR
Operation: 1967 (ret 1977)
Reactor supplier: AEG, General Electric
T/G supplier: ??
Quick facts: The first commercial nuclear plant in Germany owned by RWE (75%) and Bayernwerk (25%), also known as KBR-A. Closed in 1977 after electrical damage from a grid malfunction. Picked for pilot decommissioning by the EU and work started in 1983. Lifetime generation was 16 TWh.

Photograph by Michael Meding (Wikimedia Commons)
Posted 27 Aug 2006

Gundremmingen B&C
Location: BY
Operator: KKW Gundremmingen
Configuration: 2 X 1,344 MW BWR
Operation: 1984-1985
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: This is Germany's largest nuclear plant. Jointly-owned by RWE (75%) and E.ON (25%). Units B&C went commercial on 19 Jul 1984 and 18 Jan 1985, respectively.

Photograph courtesy of KKW Gundremmingen
Posted 16 Sep 2004

Isar
Location: BY
Operator: E.ON Kernkraftwerk
Configuration: 1 X 912 MW BWR (ret), 1 X 1,488 MW PWR
Operation: 1977-1988
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: Isar-2 is the largest nuclear unit in Germany and is jointly-owned with Stadtwerke Munchen (25%). The natural draft tower is 165m tall. Units 1&2 went commercial on 21 Mar 1979 and 9 Apr 1988, respectively. In 2008, Isar-1 produced 7.89 TWh, its highest annual output to that date. The unit was declared shutdown on 6 Aug 2011 as part of Germany's plan to phase-out commercial nuclear power following a catastrophic earthquake and tsunami damage at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi NPP.

Photograph courtesy of E.ON AG
Posted 6 Aug 2008

Krümmel
Location: SH
Operator: Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH
Configuration: 1 X 1,402 MW BWR
Operation: 1984 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Hoch, Hammers, Heitkamp, Philipp Holzmann AG
Quick facts: Krummel took 10yrs to build and was jointly-owned with E.ON (50%). It was the world's second largest BWR and went commercial on 28 Mar 1984. The unit was shutdown after a transformer fire in Jun 2007. It was then dectivated in 2009 and was declared permanently closed on 6 Aug 2011 as part of Germany's plan to phase-out commercial nuclear power after the Fukushima Daiichi NPP disaster. Plant dismantling began in Aug 2015.

Photograph by Hinnerk (wikimedia)
Posted 6 Aug 2008

Mülheim-Kärlich
Location: RP
Operator: RWE Power
Configuration: 1 X 1,308 MW BWR
Operation: 1986 (closed 1988)
Reactor supplier: Babcock-Brown Boveri Reaktor
T/G supplier: BBC
EPC: BBC, Hochtief
Quick facts: In Oct 2000, RWE "retired" the plant after the company was unable to resolve licensing conflicts with public and regional authorities. Planning for the DM7bn project began in the early 1970s, it was permitted in 1973, and construction started in 1975. The plant was licensed for operation in Mar 1986 and shutdown in Sep 1988 after 13mos of pre-commercial operation.

Photograph by Holger Weinandt (Wikipedia)
Posted 19 Nov 2004

Neckar
Location: BW
Operator: GKKW Neckar GmbH
Configuration: 1 X 840 MW (ret), 1 X 1,400 MW PWR
Operation: 1976-1989
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: Unit-1 was stopped on 17 Mar 2011 as part of Germany's nuclear moratorium. On 30 May 2011, owner EnBW announced it would not return to service. This was the only nuclear unit in the world with a 16.7Hz traction current generator, rated at 174 MW alongside the conventional 567-MW generator.

Photograph by Bernd Franck © by and courtesy of EnBW
Re-posted 19 Jul 2015

Obrigheim
Location: RP
Operator: KKW Obrigheim GmbH
Configuration: 357 MW PWR
Operation: 1967 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
Quick facts: Retired on 11 May 2005 after supplying over 90 TWh to the grid. Physical decomissioning began in 2008 and should complete in 2025.

Photograph by Daniel Meier-Gerber © by and courtesy of EnBW
Re-posted 19 Jul 2015

Phillipsburg
Location: BW
Operator: Kernkraftwerk Philippsburg
Configuration: 1 X 926 MW BWR (ret), 1 X 1,458 MW PWR
Operation: 1980-1985
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
Quick facts: Unit-1 was partially constructed with equipment from the cancelled Wyhl project. IN 2006, the plant supplied 18.8 TWh to the gird, about 25% of electricity demand in Baden-Wurttemberg. As with Neckar-1, Philippsburg-1 was stopped on 17 Mar 2011 as part of Germany's post-Fukushima nuclear moratorium. On 30 May 2011, owner EnBW announced it would not return to service.

Photograph by Daniel Meier-Gerber © by and courtesy of EnBW
Re-posted 19 Jul 2015

Rheinsberg
Location: BB
Operator: Energiewerke Nord GmbH
Configuration: 1 X 80 MW PWR
Operation: 1966 (ret 1990)
Reactor supplier: AEE
T/G supplier: ??
EPC: AEE
Quick facts: This was the first demonstration power reactor in East Germany and was built near Rheinsberg on the Stechlinsee. The build decision was made in 1956, with construction starting was on 1 Jan 1960, and first criticality was on 11 Mar 1966. Commercial operation was on 11 Oct 1966 at a rating of 70 MWe. The VVER-210 block was later uprated to 80 MW and by retirement had run for 130,000 hours.

Photograph by Borstelsrache (wikimedia)
Posted 10 Aug 2008

Stade
Location: NI
Operator: E.ON Kernkraftwerk
Configuration: 672 MW PWR
Operation: 1972 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
Quick Facts: Shutdown at 0732 GMT on 14 Nov 2003. E.ON budgeted €500mn for decommissioning. Jointly owned with Vattenfall Europe (33.3%).

Photograph courtesy of Die Bundesregierung
Posted 14 May 2005

Stendal
Location: ST
Operator: Energiewerke Nord GmbH
Configuration: 4 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: n/a (terminated 1990)
Reactor supplier: AEE
T/G supplier: ??
EPC: AEE
Quick facts: This plant near Arneburg was designed to be the largest nuclear plant in Germany but was terminated not long after unification. Construction began in 1983 and Unit-1 was about 85% complete at termination with Unit-2 at 15%. Construction on the second pair of units never started. The reactors were Model VVER-1000/V320.

Photograph by Nic Ransby (wikimedia)
Posted 10 Aug 2008

THTR 300
Location: NW
Operator: Hochtemperatur-Kernkraftwerk GmbH
Configuration: 1 X 300 MW HTR
Operation: 1985 (ret 1989)
Reactor supplier: HRB
T/G supplier: BBC
Quick facts: This gas-cooled reactor plant cost €2.05bn and was the first to use a pebble-bed design and mixed thorium and uranium fuel. The plant was closed after 423 days of full-load operation and 2.9 TWh of output. The 180m dry cooling tower was one of the first of its kind as well as the tallest cooling tower in the world at completion. It was demolished in 1991. Ths site was chosen for the 1,300-MW Hamm PWR, cancelled after Chernobyl.

Photograph courtesy of Hochtemperatur-Kernkraftwerk GmbH
Posted 27 Aug 2006

Unterweser
Location: NI
Operator: E.ON Kernkraftwerk
Configuration: 1,350 MW PWR
Operation: 1978 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Dyckerhoff & Widman, Wakyss & Freitag, Hegdkamp
Quick facts: In Apr 1971, Nordwestdeutsche Kraftwerke AG and PreußenElektra AG filed an application for the Unterweser construction and operation permit. Construction started on 1 Jul 1972 and Unterweser went commercial on 29 Sep 1978 as the largest nuclear unit in the world. In 1980, 1981, and 1993, the unit was world production champion and in 2000, Unterweser passed the 200 TWh production mark. Unterweser was taken offline for maintenance in Mar 2011 and never re-opened.

Photograph courtesy of E.ON
Re-posted 10 Aug 2008

Würgassen
Location: NW
Operator: Energiewerke Nord GmbH
Configuration: 670 MW BWR
Operation: 1971 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Siemens
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: AEG
Quick facts: This site is at Beverungen near the confluence of the Bever  and Weser rivers. It was an early German BWR and construction started on 26 Jan 1968. Criticality was attained on 20 Oct 1971 and the plant went commercial on 11 Nov 1971 at a cost of DM400mn, the country's first full-size nuclear plant. In Sep 1994, hairline cracks were discovered in the reactor vessel during routine inspections and owner Preussenelektra decided it was too costly to repair the unit so it retired the folloinwg year. Decommissioning began in 1997. In Feb 2010, Areva announced the successful disassembly of the 320t reactor pressure vessel. About half the parts were decontaminated and released for recycling.

Photograph by Tola69 (wikimedia)
Posted 10 Aug 2008

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 16-Mar-2016

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