Nuclear Power Plants in India

Kaiga
Location: Karnataka
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 3 X 220 MW PHWR
Operation: 2000-2007
Reactor supplier: NPCIL
T/G supplier: BHEL
Quick facts: Unit-3 went commercial on 6 May 2007 at 1800hrs. First criticality was 26 Feb 2007, less than 5yrs after first concrete on 30 Mar 2002.

Photograph courtesy of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Kakrapar
Location: Gujarat
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 220 MW PHWR
Operation: 1993-1995
Reactor supplier: NPCIL
T/G supplier: BHEL
Quick facts: Two 700-MW PHWR units are under construction at this site.

Photograph courtesy of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Re-posted 23 May 2007

Kalpakkam
Location: Tamil Nadu
Operator: Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 500 MW FBR
Operation: 2011
Reactor supplier: IGCAR
T/G supplier: BHEL
EPC: IGCAR
Quick facts: In Jul 2002, the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board approved initial civil works for this 500-MW Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) at the Indira Ghandi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) at Kalpakkam. There is an existing 13.4-MW test reactor at the site. In Sep 2003, the plant was approved by the Union Cabinet and construction began in Oct 2004. The construction site was hit by Dec 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and recovery lasted until Mar 2005. The main vessel was lowered into place in Dec 2009. The sodium-cooled, fast reactor uses a unique plutonium-uranium carbide fuel. The project will cost about Rs5,600cr.

Photograph courtesy of Indira Ghandi Centre for Atomic Research
Posted 18 May 2011

Kudankulam
Location: Tamil Nadu
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 2012
Reactor supplier: AEE
T/G supplier: LMZ, Electrosila
EPC: AEE, NPCIL
Quick facts: This is India’s largest nuclear power project and the Kudankulam units will be the largest generators in India when completed. Talks first began on this $3bn project in 1988, but were suspended in 1992 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Discussions were restarted and in Nov 2001, a general agreement was signed between NPCIL and AEE for supply of two VVER-1000 units of the latest design. Equipment was ordered in Feb 2002, and first concrete was the following month. In Apr 2002, AEE signed a $200mn contract with Silovye Mashiny for the T/G sets and the Izhora Factory of Obedinennye Mashinostroitelnye Zavody (OMZ) was contracted to supply the main reactor equipment. Russia granted a state credit to India to cover 85% of the cost of equipment supply. Completion was originally scheduled for Dec 2007 but was delayed by a variety of factors. Unit-1 went critical on 13 Jul 2013 and was synchronized on 22 Oct 2013.

Photograph by A Shaikmohideen and courtesy of The Hindu
Re-posted 18 May 2011

Madras
Location: Tamil Nadu
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 170 MW PHWR
Operation: 1984-1986
Reactor supplier: NPCIL
T/G supplier: BHEL

Photograph courtesy of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Narora
Location: Uttar Pradesh
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 220 MW PHWR
Operation: 1991-1992
Reactor supplier: NPCIL
T/G supplier: BHEL

Photograph courtesy of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Rajasthan
Location: Rajasthan
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 100 MW, 1 X 200 MW, 2 X 220 MW PHWR
Operation: 1973-2010
Reactor supplier: CGE, L&T, NPCIL
T/G supplier: EE, BHEL
Quick facts: RAPS-5 went commercial on 4 Feb 2010 with Unit-6 following later in the year. On 11 Aug 2014, RAPS Unit-5 set a reputed world record for LWR continuous operation with a 740-day run. This broke a 739-day record run completed by Exelon's LaSalle.

Photograph courtesy of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Tarapur 1&2
Location: Maharashtra
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 160 MW BWR
Operation: 1969
Reactor supplier: General Electric
T/G supplier: General Electric
EPC: General Electric
Quick facts: This was a turnkey project by GE.

Photograph courtesy of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Tarapur 3&4
Location: Maharashtra
Operator: Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 540 MW PHWR
Operation: 2005-2006
Reactor supplier: NPCIL
T/G supplier: BHEL
Quick facts: In Oct 1998, groundbreaking for the first 500-MW class PHWRs at Tarapur was held after many delays. Unit-4 went critical on 6 Mar 2005 and commercial on 12 Sep 2005 and the new reactors were dedicated to the nation in August 2007. At the time, they were the biggest generating units in the country. In Sep 2009, the new units were reported to be producing electricity at Rs2.70/kW.

Photograph courtesy of The Hindu
Re-posted 18 May 2011

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 13-Aug-2014

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