Nuclear Power Plants in Lithuania & Ukraine
Chernobyl
Location: Ukraine
Operator: Energoatom
Configuration: 4 X 925 MW RBMK
Operation: 1978-1982 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov
Quick facts: In 1970, construction began on what was planned to be one of the world’s largest nuclear power plants with six RBMK-1000 reactors. In Apr 1986, Unit-4 was destroyed in a catastrophic accident. Despite this, several units were put back online until Unit-3 was finally shutdown in Dec 2000. Unit-5 was nearly complete at the time of the accident. A massive steel confinement structure is being designed to enclose the remains of Unit-4.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 20 Apr 2004

Crimea
Location: Ukraine
Operator: Ministry of Fuel and Energy
Configuration: 2 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: n/a (terminated 1989)
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: ??
EPC: Atomenergoproekt
Quick facts: Construction at Crimea NPP in Schelkino began in 1976 and when the project was stopped in 1989, about $1b had been spent. Engineering work was essentially complete, but after the Chernobyl accident, seismic concerns at the Crimea site resurfaced and work was stopped. Unit-1 was said to be 80% complete and Unit-2 18% finished. The reactors were VVER-1000/320 models. The formal cancellation was in Jun 2000. In 2004, the Ministry of Fuel and Energy gifted the remains to the Crimea Republic with instruction to dispose of the material and use the proceeds for social investments. Part of the site may be reused for a new CCGT power station.

Photograph courtesy of istpravda.com.ua
Posted 26 Jun 2011

Ignalina
Location: Lithuania
Operator: Ignalina NPP
Configuration: 2 X 1,500 MW RBMK
Operation: 1984-1987 (ret)
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
Quick facts: The NPP operating company was the largest single state enterprise in Lithuania. It directly owned by government, and operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Economy. The power station is on Lake Druksiai in the northeast comer of Lithuania, close to the borders with Belarus and Latvia, and 130km from Vilnius. The two RBMK-1500 reactors are a second-generation design driving twin 750-MW steam T/G sets. Lithuania had one of the world's highest dependencies on nuclear power. Nonetheless, Unit-1 was disconnected at 8:02pm on 31 Dec 2004 and Unit-2 was shutdown at 1100pm on 31 Dec 2009, both closings due to the country's accession agreement with the EU.

Photograph courtesy of Ignalina NPP
Posted 12 May 2001

Khmelnitsky
Location: Ukraine
Operator: Energoatom
Configuration: 2 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 1988-2004
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: LMZ, Electrosila
EPC: EnergoProekt Kyiv
Quick facts: This plant is in Slavutsky district near the Goryn River in western Ukraine. In 1981, construction got underway and the first unit was put online in late 1987. Sites for three more units were cleared and construction on Unit-2 began in 1983 with plans to finish it in 1991. In 1990, however, construction was stopped as part of a moratorium on new plant construction adopted by Verkhovna Rada. After the moratorium was lifted, construction proceeded very slowly and was finally completed in Aug 2004. Units 3&4 are planned for completion by 2020.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Re-posted 22 Nov 2006

Rivne
Location: Ukraine
Operator: Energoatom
Configuration: 2 X 400 MW, 2 X 1,000 PWR
Operation: 1981-2004
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, LMZ
EPC: EnergoProekt Kyiv
Quick facts: Design of Rivne began in 1971 and this was the first nuclear power plant with the VVER-440, B-213 reactors. Construction started in 1973. The construction of Unit-4 started in 1984 with plans for completion in 1991 but construction was suspended in that year and did not resume until 1993. Engineering assistance was provided by EDF and Fortum and Unit-4 was put online in Oct 2004.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 20 Apr 2004

South Ukraine
Location: Ukraine
Operator: Energoatom
Configuration: 3 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 1983-1989
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov
EPC: EnergoProekt Kharkov
Quick facts: The South-Ukraine power complex is located on the South Bun river in Mykolaiv region and consists of the NPP, a small conventional hydroelectric plant, and a pumped-storage plant. Construction of the nuclear plant and satellite town of Yuzhno-Ukrainsk started in 1975 and Unit-1 was connected in Dec 1982 after 72 months of construction. The 25-MW Olexandrivska hydro plant was finally completed in 1999 after years of delay and the first 150-MW unit at the Tashlyk pumped-storage plant in late 2006.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 20 Apr 2004

   
  Zaporizhzhya
Location: Ukraine
Operator: Energoatom
Configuration: 6 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 1984-1995
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov
EPC: Atomenergoproekt, Ministry of Power Stations (USSR)
Quick facts: ZNPP is situated in the steppe zone of Ukraine on Kakhovsky reservoir. It is the largest nuclear power station in Europe. The construction decision was made in 1978 and work got underway in 1981. The plant produces up to 38 TWh/yr, or about 50% of electricity generated at Ukrainian NPPs. ZNPP is the first Ukrainian nuclear power plant with onsite fuel dry storage.

< font size="1" face="Arial">Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 10 Jan 2010

 
 

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 06/26/11

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