Nuclear Power Plants in Russia
AM-1
Location: Kaluga
Operator: Obninskiy Institut Atomnoy Energetiki (NIPE)
Configuration: 1 X 5 MW
Operation: 1954 (ret)
Reactor supplier: FSUE "SSC RF - IPPE"
T/G supplier: ??
EPC:  FSUE "SSC RF - IPPE", Leningrad Project Institute 
Quick facts: This is one of the first two NPP in the wold and was authorized by the Council of Ministers in May 1950. Work began in Jul 1951 at the site in Obinsk Science City. The "Atom Mimy" plant had a unique, beryllium-moderated reactor with lead-bismuth-cooled, uranium-beryllium fuel. Fuel loading began on 25 Feb 1954 and criticality was attained just under 20hrs later. The turbine was synchronized on 26 Jun 1954 and stopped for the last time on 29 Apr 2002. The design was a forerunner of the Beloyarsk 300-MW FBR that went online in 1964.

Photograph by Александр21277 (Panoramio)
Posted 3 Mar 2014

Balakovo
Location: Saratov
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 4 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 1986-1993
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
EPC: Rosenergatom, Atomprojekt,
Quick facts: Balakovo NPP is the youngest Russian NPP with the third-generation VVER-1000 reactor. Construction began in Oct 1978. The site is on the left bank of Saratov reservoir on the Volga Rive. It is 10km north-east of Balakovo town and 900km south-east of Moscow. Balakovo was designed as a twin plant to the 6-GW Zaporizhzhya NPP in Ukiraine. Units 5&6 at Balakovo were authoritzed in Oct 1979 and construction on the expansion continued until Sep 1990. In Dec 1992, the government put the project in suspension mode. In Sep 2006, construction at Unit-5 was reauthorized, but only low-level work was undertaken. In Feb 2013, UnNits 5&6 were left out of the development plan extending to 2030 and they were terminated by Rosatom.

Photograph courtesy of Rosenergoatom
Posted 2 Mar 2014

Bilbino
Location: Magadan
Operator: Rosenergoatom
Configuration: 4 X 12 MW GBWR
Operation: 1973
Reactor supplier: FSUE "SSC RF - IPPE", SKB Izhora Plant
T/G supplier: Skoda, Electrosila
EPC: Teploelektroproekt 
Quick facts: Bilbino is a combined heat and power station on the Chukchi Peninsula with a unique graphite-moderated, natural circulation, boiling-water reactor design generating 12 MW of electricity and 20 MW of heat. It is the only NPP north of the Arctic Circle. The build decision was made in 1966.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 27 Jan 2005

Beloyarsk-3
Location: Sverdlovsk
Operator: Rosenergoatom
Configuration: 1 X 600 MW FBR
Operation: 1981
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: LMZ
Quick facts: The BN-600 reactor of Beloyarsk-3 is one of the few operating fast breeder reactors in the world and the largest still in operation. Units 1&2 were small RBMK units closed in 1981 and 1989, respectively.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 27 Jan 2005

Gorky
Location: Nizhny Novgorod
Operator: Minatom
Configuration: 500 MW heat only
Operation: n/a (never completed)
Reactor supplier: OKB
T/G supplier: n/a
Quick facts: This and a sister plant in Voronezh were unique, large-scale nuclear fueled district heating plants in the Soviet Union. Each had twin reactors and neither was completed. In 1989, an IAEA team completed a design review of the Gorky plant, the first foreign group to visit the closed city. After an expenditure of about $1bn, the Gorky project was abandoned following the Chernobyl accident. Parts of the site have subsequently been used for various commercial purposes.

Photograph by Lzhl (wikimedia)
Posted 30 Aug 2008

Kalinin 1-3
Location: Tver
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 3 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 1988-2004
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, LMZ
Quick facts: Kalinin-3 went into trial operation in Dec 2004.

Photograph courtesy of Energoatom
Posted 27 Jan 2005

Kola
Location: Murmansk
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 4 X 411 MW PWR
Operation: 1973-1984
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov

Photograph courtesy of Kola NPP
Posted 8 May 2004

Kursk NPP
Location: Kursk
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 4 X 1,000 MW RBMK
Operation: 1976-1989
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
EPC: Atomenergoproekt
Quick facts: Kursk NPP is a key electricity producer for the Central FD and is 4km from Kurchatov town. The plant uses a 21.5km² cooling reservoir. Kursk NPP production in 2011 was 29 TWh with a load factor of 83%.

Photograph by Kuryanin (Panoramio)
Posted 1 Jan 2014

Leningrad-I NPP
Location: Leningrad
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 4 X 1,000 MW RBMK
Operation: 1974-1981
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
EPC: Atomenergoproekt
Quick facts: Leningrad NPP is in Sosnovy Bor 80km west of St Petersburg on the Gulf of Finland. It was the first Russian NPP with the RBMK-1000 reactor. By 2012, Leningrad-I had supplied 846 TWh of electricity.

Photograph courtesy of Rosenergoatom
Posted 1 Jan 2014

Novovoronezh
Location: Voronezh
Operator: Rosenergoatom
Configuration: 1 X 210 MW (ret), 1 X 365 MW (ret), 2 X 440 MW
Operation: 1964-1973
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
Quick facts: This site in far western Russioa about 180km from the border with Ukraine. Units 1&2 were the first two VVER reactors. Unit-1 was retired in 1988 and Unit-2 in 1990. The EIAs for the Unit 1&2 decommissioning program were presented in Nov 2010.

Photograph courtesy of Rosenergoatom
Posted 26 Sep 2004

Novovoronezh-5
Location: Voronezh
Operator: Rosenergoatom
Configuration: 1 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 1981
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
Quick facts: This was the first 1,000-MW VVER.

Photograph courtesy of Rosenergoatom
Posted 26 Sep 2004

Novovoronezh-II
Location: Voronezh
Operator: Rosenergoatom
Configuration: 2 X 1,200 MW PWR
Operation: 2014-2016
Reactor supplier: OMZ - Obediennye Mashinostroitelnye Zavody
T/G supplier: Power Machines Group
Quick facts: This is the launch site for the AES-2006 reactor design. Construction started in 2008 with operation of the first unit expected in 2012. This later slipped by about two years.

Photograph courtesy of Rosatom
Posted 29 Dec 2012/td>

Smolensk
Location: Smolensk
Operator: Energoatom
Configuration: 3 X 1,000 MW RBMK
Operation: 1982-1989
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila

Photograph courtesy of Rosenergoatom
Posted 12 May 2001

Rostov Volgodonsk
Location: Rostov
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 2 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: 2001-2010
Reactor supplier: Mintyazhmash
T/G supplier: Kharkov, Electrosila
EPC: Rosenergatom, Atomprojekt, NIIAEP
Quick facts: The Rostov site is on the left bank of Tsimlyansk Reservoir on the lower Don River near Volgodonsk. Unit-2 was synchronized on 18 Mar 2010 and declared commercial on 10 Dec 2010.

Photograph courtesy of www.atomic-energy.ru
Re-posted 1 Jan 2014

Tatar
Location: Tatarstan
Operator: Rosenergoatom OJSC
Configuration: 2 X 1,000 MW PWR
Operation: n/a (cancelled)
Reactor supplier: ??
T/G supplier: Kharkov
Quick facts: Construction at this site on the Kama River in Kamskiye Polyany began in 1980 and was to complete in 1992. The project was terminated in 1990.

Photograph courtesy of www.atomic-energy.ru
Posted 1 Jan 2014

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 03-Mar-2014

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