Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Plants in Germany
Erzhausen
Location: NI
Operator: Statkraft
Configuration: 4 X 55 MW FPT
Operation: 1964
T/G supplier: Voith, Siemens, AEG
Quick facts: The Erzhausen PSP was acquired in Oct 2007 as part of an asset swap with E.ON. It is located 2km west of Erzhausen on the Selter Ridge. The effective head is about 300m. Two 1,220m penstocks connect to the powerhouse. Full reservoir output is around 940 MWh ovr a 4hr discharge cycle.

Photograph courtesy of Statkraft
Posted 26 Feb 2012

Geesthacht
Location: SH
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 3 X 40-MW FPT
Operation: 1958
T/G supplier: EW, Siemens
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: This PSP on the Elbe River is the largest of its kid i north Germany. The upper reserovir is 93m above sea level. The plant can supply about 600 MWh in 5hrs at full load and a full recharge takes 9hrs.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Posted 31 Aug 2016

Goldisthal
Location: TH
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 4 X 265 MW FPT
Operation: 2003-2004
T/G supplier: Alstom, CKD, VA TECH
EPC: Lahmeyer
Quick facts: This plant is on the Schwarza River in southern Thuringia. After about 40 years of planning and development, construction started in 1997. Under contract to VA TECH HYDRO, MCE Voest executed the field fabrication and installation of the pressure tunnel steel linings in 14mos, ahead of schedule. The scope included 8,500t of linings for two 800m tunnels, 6.2m in diameter.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Posted 27 Aug 2003

Hohenwarte-I
Location: TH
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 1 X 2.75-MW, 2 X 30-MW FPT
Operation: 1942-1959
T/G supplier: Voith, Sachsen
Quick facts: This PSP is on the Saale River and uses an upr reervoir originally constructed for flood control. Hohenwarte-I connects to the local 110kV gird and shares the lower basin with Hohenwarte-II.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Posted 31 Aug 2016

Hohenwarte-II
Location: TH
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 8 X 40-MW FPT
Operation: 1965-1966
T/G supplier: CKD, Sachsen
Quick facts: This PSP on the Saale River was built from 1956 to 1963. It connects to the regional 220kV grid.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Posted 31 Aug 2016

Koepchenwerk-II
Location: NW
Operator: RWE Power
Configuration: 1 X 150 MW FPT
Operation: 1989
T/G supplier: Voith, Siemens
Quick facts: This was the first full-scale pumped-storage power plant in Germany when the first two 30-MW sets were completed in 1930. The plant is named after Professor Dr Ing Arthur Koepchen, a prominent executive in one of RWE's predecessor companies. The original installation was named a national historic landmark in 1986 and retired in 1994.

Photograph courtesy of RWE AG
Posted 22 Nov 2006

Langenprozelten
Location: BY
Operator: E.ON
Configuration: 2 X 82 MW FPT
Operation: 1976
T/G supplier: Voith, Elin
EPC: Siemens
Quick facts: This photo shows the lower reservoir at the Langenprozelten PSP in Bavaria's Main-Spessart district . The upper basin is connected to the lower reservoir by a 1.3km tunnel with an effective head of 320m. The plant only provides traction power and is connected to DB Energie at 110kV.

Photograph by Presse023 (wikimedia)
Posted 17 Aug 2013

Markersbach
Location: SN
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 6 X 175 MW FPT
Operation: 1979-1981
T/G supplier: CKD, Skoda
Quick facts: This is Germany's second-largest pumped-storage power station and operates with a head of 285m. Siting work started in 1961 and construction began in 1970. In 1993, CKD Blansko began refurbishing and uprating the turbines after 80-100,000 operating hours. The work included laser hardening of the guide vane stems and modifications to the guide and thrust bearings. Work on the sixth and last unit finished in 1998.  In 2006, Vattenfall ordered a NEPTUN automation system (NEPTUN) and digital protection system from VA TECH Hydro for Markersbach. After completion of the upgrade, it will be possible to operate the facility by remote control from the area control center at Goldisthal.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Re-posted 31 Aug 2016

Niederwartha
Location: SN
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 6 X 20-MW FPT
Operation: 1930-1960
T/G supplier: Voith, Elin
Quick facts: Niederwartha PSP is on the Elbe west of Dresden and the first four units were commissioned in 1930. After World War Two, the pumped-storage plant was out of service until 1954. As the equipment had been dismantled and shipped to the Soviet Union as repatriation. These were later returned and rebuilt. In 1960, two more pumped-storage sets were added. The top basin has been created in a valley sealed off by a retaining dam and has a natural inflow. The head is 143m. Only two machines have been operational since 2001.

Photograph courtesy of Vattenfall
Posted 31 Aug 2016

Ronkhausen
Location: NW
Operator: Mark-E AG
Configuration: 2 X 70 MW FPT
Operation: 1969
T/G supplier: Sulzer Escher Wyss, Siemens
Quick facts: Construction at Ronkhausen in Glingetal began in 1964.

Photograph courtesy of Mark-E AG
Posted 24 Oct 2004
Sackingen
Location: BW
Operator: Schluchseewerk AG
Configuration: 4 X 82.6 MW FPT
Operation: 1967-1968
T/G supplier: Escher Wyss, AEG
EPC: AEG
Quick facts: This underground powerhouse is 160m long, 23m wide, and 33m high.

Photograph by Stefan-Xp (wikimedia)
Posted 27 Aug 2006

Waldeck
Location: HE
Operator: E.ON
Configuration: 4 X 35 MW, 1 X 75 MW, 2 X 240 MW FPT
Operation: 1932-1975
T/G supplier: Voith, Siemens
EPC: Siemens, Voith, Lahmeyer, Bilfinger Berger
Quick facts:  Waldek-I was modernized and extended in 2010. A further group of contractors and suppliers modernized and upgraded Waldeck-II including Fichtner E.ON Engineering GmbH, EHS-Laabmayer, Alstom, Antrok, BeKor, ARGE BuM Beton- und Monierbau und Feldhaus Bergbau, SAG, SEH-Hannover, Siemens, TEUPE & Söhne, Andritz, Voith, and Walo Bertschinger.

Photograph courtesy of E.ON
Re-posted 24 Dec 2010

Wehr
Location: BW
Operator: Schluchseewerk AG
Configuration: 4 X 225 MW FPT
Operation: 1975
T/G supplier: Escher Wyss, Elin
Quick facts: This photo from Nov 2008 shows rehabilitation work on the upper reservoir of the Wehr PSP. This basin is at 1,048m elevation. It is 700m long and 300m wide.

Photograph courtesy of wikimedia
Posted 17 Sep 2009

Wendefurth
Location: ST
Operator: Vattenfall Europe
Configuration: 2 X 40 MW FPT
Operation: 1967-1968
T/G supplier: CKD, Sachsen
Quick facts: This plant is on the Bode River. The 43.5m concrete gravity dam on the lower reservoir has 16 segments.

Photograph by Mazbln (wikimedia)
Posted 1 Jan 2008

Witzau
Location: BW
Operator: Schluchseewerk AG
Configuration: 4 X 55 MW FPT
Operation: 1943
T/G supplier: Voith
EPC: BBC
Quick facts: Witzau is the middle stage of a three plant PSP complex in the southern Black Forest. Construction started in 1939. Production is about 220 GWh/yr. The plant has a 9.3km headrace tunnel and a 250m average head.

Photograph courtesy of Schluchseewerk AG
Posted 18 Feb 2015

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 31-Aug-2016

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