Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Plants Elsewhere
Location: South Africa
Configuration: 2 X 203 MW FPT
T/G supplier: Voith, Fuji
Quick facts: Palmiet is a joint venture between Eskom, which owns the power station and related facilities, and the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF), which built, owns, and regulates the Palmiet dams. The power station generally operates on a weekly cycle and is part of an inter-catchment water transfer system that provides 25mn m³ of water annually to consumers in Cape Town, approximately 100km away. The lower Kogelberg Dam is on the Palmiet River and the upper Rockview Dam is between the Palmiet and Steenbras Rivers. A 2km tunnel connects to the powerhouse. Water for Cape Town flows from the Rockview Dam to the Steenbras Dam through a separate conduit. The plan is located in the scenic and ecologically sensitive Cape Fynbos Plant Kingdom, an area given international recognition as the Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve – the first such reserve in South Africa.
Photograph courtesy of Eskom
Operator: Empresa Provincial de Energia de Cordoba
Configuration: 4 X 175 MW FPT
T/G supplier: Allis Chalmers, Siemens
EPC: Agua y Energia, Panedile Argentina, Techint
Quick facts: This is the largest pumped-storage power station in Latin America. The complex includes over 20km of tunnels and a cavern with the T/G sets located 226m below the upper reservoir surface. Development started in 1970 when Agua y Energia began technical studies and the power station was inaugurated on 14 Feb 1986. It was transferred to EPEC in 2001.
Photograph by Facundo Di Pascuale and courtesy of EPEC
Operator: Iran Water and Power Resources Development Co
Configuration: 4 X 255 MW FPT
T/G supplier: Voith Fuji, Siemens
EPC: Colenco, Poyry Energy, Lahmeyer International, WBI GmbH, Farab, Tablieh, Hadish Engineering, Kayson Construction
Quick facts: This is Iran's first PSP and started development around 1970. The site is in the Alborz Mountains in Mazandaran province, 125km north of Tehran. Complementary seismic studies and hazard analyses were carried out by Moshanir and Electricite de France and civil construction was started in the mid-1980s, but stopped in 1992 due to lack of hard currency. Moshanir completed a review of the project in 1999 and recommended completion; the project was retendered in Mar 2003. The site is designed to support a 1,000-MW second phase. The two pumped-storage reservoirs are 2.8km apart and two 2km headrace tunnels convey water 500m to the lower reservoir.The first unit was synchronized on 5 Dec 2013. The project cost about $333mn.
Photograph courtesy of Iran Water and Power Resources Development Co
Configuration: 6 X 200 MW FPT
T/G supplier: LMZ, UETM
Quick facts: In 1974, the USSR made the decision to build the country's PSP in Sergiev Posad district, Moscow oblast. The first two units were commissioned in Dec 1987. The project was originally afiliated with Mosenergo.
Photograph courtesy of RusHydro
Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data BaseUpdated 12-Apr-2015