Coal-Fired Plants in Canada
Atikokan
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 1 X 230 MW
Operation: 1985
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: B&W
T/G supplier: BBC
Quick facts: On 11 Sep 2012, Atikokan GS burned its last coal and went into full-scale construction on a a 2yr biomass conversion project.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 23 Jun 2004

Battle River
Location: AB
Operator: Atco Power
Configuration: 2 X 30 MW (ret), 2 X 165 MW, 1 X 405 MW
Operation: 1956-1981
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: BBC, GE, Hitachi
Quick facts: The Battle River site is 200km southeast of Edmonton. Prairie Mines & Royalty Ltd supply the fuel which is surface-mined from the Paintearth and Vesta coal mines located directly south of the station. A cooling reservoir for the plant was created in 1954 by a 12m high dam on the Battle River. Units 1&2 were retired and dismantled in 2000.

Photograph courtesy of Alberta Power Ltd
Posted 28 Feb 2009

Belledune
Location: NB
Operator: NB Power
Configuration: 1 X 450 MW
Operation: 1993
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: Toshiba

Photograph courtesy of NB Power
Posted 27 Oct 2004

Boundary Dam
Location: SK
Operator: SaskPower
Configuration: 2 X 66 MW, 3 X 150 MW, 1 X 292 MW
Operation: 1960-1978
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: B&W, CE
T/G supplier: Parsons, GE, Hitachi
Quick facts: Unit-1 was retired on 1 May 2013 afer over 50yrs of service.

Photograph courtesy of SaskPower
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Brandon
Location: MB
Operator: Manitoba Hydro
Configuration: 4 X 33 MW, 1 X 105 MW
Operation: 1958-1969
Fuel: subbituminous coal, natural gas
Boiler supplier: CE, B&W
T/G supplier: MV, BBC
Quick facts: This was Manitoba Hydro's first thermal power plant and was designed to burn lignite from Saskatchewan. Three of the 33-MW units were retired in 1996 while the fourth operates as a synchronous condenser. The plant now uses PRB coal plus natural gas. Two 120-MW Alstom gas turbines were added in 2002.

Photograph by Brian Simmons and courtesy of Manitoba Hydro
Posted 31 Mar 2001

Genesee
Location: AB
Operator: Capital Power Corp
Configuration: 2 X 430 MW, 1 X 450 MW
Operation: 1989-2005
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE, B-H
T/G supplier: GEC, Hitachi
EPC: SNC-Lavalin
Quick facts: Edmonton Power began investigating this plant site in the 1950s due to the proximity of low-sulfur coal reserves and cooling water availability. The utility applied for permission to build the plant in 1977 and groundbreaking was in Feb 1982. After several deferments, Unit-2 went online in Oct 1989 followed by the second unit in Jun 1994. The station covers and area of 7,000ha including a 735ha cooling pond with makeup from the North Saskatchewan River. The stack on the first two units is 121m tall. Coal handling facilities for Units 1&2 were sized for four similar units. Genesee-3, Canada's first supercritical generating unit, was completed in Feb 2005. Capital Power was incorporated in May 2009 and after an IPO in Jun 2009, Epcor retained a 70% stake in the genco.

Photograph courtesy of EPCOR
Posted 7 Mar 2005

Grand Lake-4
Location: NB
Operator: NB Power
Configuration: 1 X 60 MW
Operation: 1964 (ret)
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: B&W
T/G supplier: Parsons
Quick facts: Grand Lake 1-3 were retired in 1993 and Unit-4 followed in 2010. Demolition got underway in Apr 2013 and the 16ha site will be returned to open green space.

Photograph courtesy of NB Power
Posted 27 Oct 2004

Keephills
Location: AB
Operator: TransAlta Generation Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 400 MW
Operation: 1983-1984
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: Hitachi
Quick facts: This power station is 70km west of Edmonton and 5km south of Wabamun Lake, not far from the Highvale surface mine. Unit-2 was the site of a long-term pilot project using activated carbon injection for mercury control. This pilot completed in 2008 having removed 60% of the mercury in the input fuel. Power is sold into the grid under an Alberta PPA effective from 1 Jan 2001 to 31 Dec 2020.

Photograph by Dave Belcher (Google Earth)
Posted 13 Feb 2010

Keephills-3
Location: AB
Operator: TransAlta Generation Ltd
Configuration: 1 X 495 MW
Operation: 2011
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: B-H
T/G supplier: Hitachi
EPC: ColtWorleyParsons, Epcor
Quick facts: Unit-3 is a supercritical unit jointly-owned on a 50:50 basis by TransAlta and Epcor. It is essentially a sister unit to Genesee-3. Construction began in Feb 2007, first firing was in Jun 2010, and the unit began final commissioning in Jan 2011 to schedule. Commercial operation was on 1 Sep 2011. The unit cost about CND$1.6bn.

Photograph courtesy of TransAlta
Posted 8 Jan 2011

Lakeview
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 8 X 300 MW
Operation: 1962-1969 (ret 2005)
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: Babcock & Wilcox Goldie McCulloch, CE, B&W
T/G supplier: AEI, Parsons
EPC: Ontario Hydro
Quick facts: Lakeview was taken offline on 30 Apr 2005 after 43yrs of service, initially supplying almost 20% of Ontario's electricity. Construction started in on the 52ha site Jun 1958 and Unit-1 generated first power on 30 Oct 1961. At completion, Lakeview had cost $C274mn and was said to be the largest thermal power plant in the world. It remained the largest thermal plant in Canada until the completion of Nanticoke. The 167m stacks were a landmark on the Lake Ontario waterfront for decades. From 1990-1993, $C1.1bn was invested in four units to increase efficiency and reliability. Four units were decommissioned in 1993 due to reduced load forecasts. Total station output was over 215 TWh. Lakeview's main structure have now been demolished and removed. the controlled implosion of the eight boilers by Dykon Explosive Demolition from Tulsa, OK, was the first such event broadcast live on Canadian TV.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 1 Dec 2007

Lambton
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 500 MW, 2 X 525 MW
Operation: 1969-1970 (ret)
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: GE
Quick facts: Lambton is on the St Clair River south of Sarnia, Ontario. Annual production was around 11 TWh. Units 3&4 were overhauled and retrofit with Joy/Bischoff FGD scrubbers and B&W Canada SCRs. Full-load coal burn is 640 ton/hr. Units 1&2 closed on 1 Oct 2010 per provincial mandate. Units 3&4 burned their last coal on 26 Sep 2013 and the plant was therefore completely retired 3mos ahead of schedule.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 23 Jun 2004

Lingan
Location: NS
Operator: Nova Scotia Power Inc
Configuration: 4 X 158 MW
Operation: 1979-1984
Fuel: bituminous coal, heavy oil
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: Toshiba
Quick facts: Lingan is on Cape Breton Island and was designed to burn coal mined nearby by the Cape Breton Development Corp, thereby reducing Nova Scotia's use of oil for power generation. Unit-1 was commissioned on 1 Nov 1979. After shutdown of regional mining, the plant switched to coal from the US and South America. During 2006-2008, the plant was retrofit with low-Nox combustion systems from B&W. The stacks are 150m high.

Photograph by Mary Vallis
Re-posted 26 May 2010

Milner
Location: AB
Operator: Maxim Power Corp
Configuration: 1 X 158 MW
Operation: 1972
Fuel: coal washings
Boiler supplier: B&W
T/G supplier: Hitachi
Quick facts: This plant in Grand Cache was built by Alberta Power Ltd and named for Horatio Ray Milner, a prominent lawyer and business man and a founding director of Canadian Utilities. It was acquired by Maxim in 2005. Milner has a long-term agreement with Luscar Ltd for the supply of up to 540,000 tpy of coal from their Coal Valley mine located in Edson. Power produced from Milner is sold through the Alberta Electric System Operator (AESO).

Photograph by Maxim Power Corp
Posted 12 Sep 2009

Nanticoke
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 4 X 490 MW, 2 X 500 MW, 2 X 512 MW
Operation: 1969-1970 (ret)
Fuel: subbituminous coal, bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: BW
T/G supplier: Howden Parsons, Parsons
Quick facts: Nanticoke GS is on the north shore of Lake Erie in Haldimand County. The plant was completed in 1978 at a cost of over C$800mn at which time it was one of the largest power stations in the world, a ranking it held for many years. An additional C$900mn was invested thereafter on reliability and environmental improvements. Annual production over the plant lifetime ranged from 6 TWh to 24 TWh depending on need. Over its life Nanticoke produced over 500 TWh and has historically employed more than 600 people. On 1 Oct 2010, OPG closed Units 3&4 per a provincial mandate calling for the phase out of coal-fired plant in the province. This was 4yrs in advance of the schedule agreed in 2006. Units 1&2 closed in 2011. Units 4-8 burned their last coal on 31 Dec 2013 and the station was closed.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 6 Oct 2010

Point Aconi
Location: NS
Operator: Nova Scotia Power Inc
Configuration: 1 X 210 MW
Operation: 1994
Fuel: pet coke, bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: Pyropower
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Sargent & Lundy, Mitsui
Quick facts: Point Aconi is on a 52ha site on the northern tip of Boularderie Island in Cape Breton County. It has Canada's largest CFB unit which was the world's largest at completion. The plant has Nova Scotia's only offshore cooling water intake. Beginning in 1999, the boiler was re-engineered and partially rebuilt by Foster Wheeler in a $20mn project. Fuel was also switched to an 80:20 coke-coal blend. The result was a 10-MW increase in output and increases in reliability measures. The project won Power magazine's Maramaduke Award in 2006.

Photograph courtesy of Nova Scotia Power Inc
Posted 23 Jun 2004

Point Tupper
Location: NS
Operator: Nova Scotia Power Inc
Configuration: 1 X 79 MW (ret), 1 X 150 MW
Operation: 1969-1973
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE, B&W
T/G supplier: GE, Stal, Howden Parsons, Parsons

Photograph courtesy of Nova Scotia Power Inc
Posted 23 Jun 2004

Poplar River
Location: SK
Operator: SaskPower
Configuration: 2 X 315 MW
Operation: 1980-1983
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: B&W Canada, CE Canada
T/G supplier: Hitachi
Quick facts: In the fall of 1974, the Saskatchewan Government announced the construction of the Poplar River Power Project. Construction of the Morrison Dam and cooling water reservoir got underway in 1975 and were completed in 1977. Late in 1975 work began on construction of the power house. The 122m stack can be seen for many miles around Coronach. The first turbine was commissioned on 20 Jun 1981. Fuel is supplied from the Luscar Mining P oplar River Coal Mine. Two of the largest electric draglines in Canada are used to load 150t haulers, which deliver the coal to the loadout, where it is transported to the power plant by train.

Photograph by Robin Wall
Re-posted 6 Aug 2011

Richard L Hearn
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 4 X 100 MW, 4 X 200
Operation: 1951-1961 (ret 1983)
Fuel: bituminous coal, natural gas
Boiler supplier: Babcock & Wilcox Goldie McCulloch, CE
T/G supplier: Parsons
EPC: Stone & Webster
Quick facts: Hearn-1 was Canadaís first 100-MW steam-electric unit and the plant was officially opened on 26 Oct 1951 by the Hon Leslie Frost, Premier of Ontario. Richard L Hearn reached its full 1,200-MW capacity for the first time on 22 Mar 1961 and cost C$156mn to build. The 200-MW units (5-8) had cross-compound turbines. Each unit was originally equipped with its own stack, but in the late 1960s, a 215m stack was added at a cost of $C9m, at the time one of the tallest stacks in the world. In 1971, the entire plant was converted to burn Alberta natural gas with four units retaining the option to burn coal. The station operated on gas until Units 1-5 were mothballed in the early 1980s. The last three 200-MW units resumed burning coal along and but were closed in Jul 1983. Some of the generators then operated as synchronous condensers. In Mar 1990, Ontario Hydro said it would restart Units 7&8 top meet winter load, but the new NDP government of Premier Bob Rae cancelled the restart. The site was then used occasionally for movie sets and the Portlands CCGT plant was built on adjacent property.

Photograph by SimonP (flickr)
Posted 1 Dec 2007

Shand
Location: SK
Operator: SaskPower
Configuration: 1 X 300 MW
Operation: 1992
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: B&W Canada
T/G supplier: Hitachi
Quick facts: In 1993, Shand received an award from Power magazine in recognition of its advanced pollution control equipment. This includes a LIFAC limestone injection system. The site was sized for a second unit, but this was never built.

Photograph courtesy of SaskPower
Posted 8 Sep 2004

Sheerness
Location: AB
Operator: Atco Power Ltd
Configuration: 2 X 400 MW
Operation: 1986-1990
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: Hitachi
Quick facts: Sheerness is 200km northeast of Calgary adjacent to the Montgomery and Sheerness Coal Mines. The plant is owned 50:50 by ATCO Power and TransAlta Cogeneration LP. The latter company is in turn 50% owned by Hongkong Electric and Cheung Kong Infrastructure Holdings Ltd. A cooling pond was built for the plant with makeup from the Red Deer River.

Photograph courtesy of Alberta Power Ltd
Posted 13 Dec 2009

Sundance
Location: AB
Operator: TransAlta Utilities
Configuration: 2 X 304 MW, 3 X 380 MW, 1 X 433 MW
Operation: 1970-1980
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: AEI, GEC, EE
Quick facts: This is the largest coal-fired plant in western Canada. In 2005, Sundance received Power magazine's Marmaduke Award for completing installation of a plantwide wireless network and condition-based monitoring system. In Feb 2011, TransAlta announced that Units 1&2 would be closed permanently, having been taken offline in Dec 2010 for repairs. These were found to be more extensive than could be financially justified under the Sundance merchant plant operating regime.

Photograph courtesy of Power
Posted 21 Sep 2005

Thunder Bay 2&3
Location: ON
Operator: Ontario Power Generation
Configuration: 2 X 165 MW
Operation: 1981
Fuel: subbituminous coal, lignite
Boiler supplier: CE
T/G supplier: BBC
EPC: W P London & Assoc
Quick facts: Thunder Bay is located at the mouth of the Mission River at Lake Superior and uses low-sulphur lignite coal from Saskatchewan and PRB coal from the USA. Annual production is about 1,500 GWh. A 100-MW unit was first on the site. It completed in 1963 and was retired in 1984. Units 2&3 had Canadaís first direct digital controls for boiler and burner management and are equipped with a 650ft, multi-flue stack. A new CEM system was installed in 2003. About 65% of the plantís fly ash is sold. The Mission Island Marsh is a conservation area next to the power station.

Photograph courtesy of Ontario Power Generation
Posted 4 Jan 2009

Trenton 5&6
Location: NS
Operator: Nova Scotia Power Inc
Configuration: 2 X 150 MW
Operation: 1969-1991
Fuel: bituminous coal, heavy oil
Boiler supplier: B&W
T/G supplier: Howden Parsons, GE, Hitachi
Quick facts: Trenton is on the bank of the East River at Pictou. It was designed to burn coal mined nearby in Pictou County as well as on Cape Breton Island. In 1991,/92, the plant used coal from the Westray Mine, located several kilometres south of the plant, but this mine was permanently closed on 9 May 1992 following a fatal methane gas explosion. Since 2001, Trenton has used coal imported from the United States and South America shipped to a bulk unloading terminal on the Strait of Canso at Point Tupper and railed by CB&CNS trains to the site. The Unit-5 turbine was upgraded and the unit was retrofit with a baghouse. Unit-6 was commissioned was retrofit with a Low-NOx system in 2008.

Photograph by Verne Equinopx (wikipedia)
Posted 6 Sep 2009

Wabamun
Location: AB
Operator: TransAlta Utilities
Configuration: 2 X 66 MW, 1 X 159 MW, 1 X 279 MW
Operation: 1958-1967 (ret)
Fuel: subbituminous coal
Boiler supplier: Babcock & Wilcox Goldie McCulloch, CE
T/G supplier: MV, AEI
Quick facts: This was the first of TransAlta's three coal-fired plants built in the Wabamun Lake area 70km west of Edmonton. The three smaller sets decommissioned from 2002-2004 and Unit-4 was retired on 1 Apr 2010. In Dec 2005, TransAlta submitted a detailed site remediation and reclamation plan to Alberta Environment incorporating extensive environmental research, stakeholder consultation, and analysis. The Wabamun retirement process is to serve as a model for decommissioning other coal-fired plant.

Photograph by brendanberg (flickr)
Posted 13 Jan 2009

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 11-Jan-2014

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