Coal-Fired Power Plants in Turkey
Afsin Elbistan-A
Location: Kahramanmaras
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 4 X 344 MW
Operation: 1984-1987
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Deutsche Babcock
T/G supplier: BBC
EPC: Sogreah, Steag
Quick facts: Afsin-Elbistan-A is located 600km southeast of
Ankara. At design ratings, the minemouth plant would burn 18mn tpy of low-grade lignite from the Kışlaköy mining area, which is estimated to hold about 600mn tons of reserves. Overall, the area is estimated to have 3.2bn tons of reserves with approximately 1.100 kcal/kg, 44% ash, and 56% moisture. This is said to represent about a third of Turkey's recoverable reserves. Major ovrhaul work on the power station has been plannd for years, as has plant privatization.

Photograph by ismail38_1903 (Panoramio)
Posted 3 Jan 2014

Afsin Elbistan-B
Location: Kahramanmaras
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 4 X 360 MW
Operation: 2006
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: BBP
T/G supplier: MHI, Melco
EPC: BBP, MHI, Gama-Tekfen-Tokar JV, ENKA
Quick facts: In Aug 1999, TEAS signed a deal worth approximately $1.62bn with a Japanese-led consortium to build Afsin-Elbistan-B. MHI also supplied four FGD scrubbers and Skoda Export supplied boiler parts, lignite mills, electrostatic precipitators from ZVVK Milevsko, fans, drives, dampers, ash handling systems, air preheaters, and switchgear. Local construction began in Jun 2000, but the project was delayed by financial problems at BBP. Subsequently, development resumed and test runs were completed on all four units in Jan 2006.

Photograph courtesy of Skoda Export
Posted 6 Apr 2006

Biga-1
Location: Canakkale
Operator: Icdas Elektrik Uretim ve Yatirim AS
Configuration: 3 X 135 MW
Operation: 2005-2009
Fuel: lignite, hard coal
Boiler supplier: Dongfang
T/G supplier: Shanghai, Jinan
EPC: Central Southern China Electric Power Design Institute, China National Machinery Import and Export Corp, Mimag-Samko
Quick facts: This plant has China's first export, large-scale ACFB boiler. Construction began in Feb 2004 and the boiler hydro test was in Apr 2005. Icdas started in 1930 as a ship repair and servicing company and entered the steel business in 1955. It is now Turkey's largest private-sector steel company. Two more 135-MW units were added to the Biga power plant in 2009.

Photograph courtesy of Icdas Elektrik
Re-posted 6 Sep 2015

Biga-2
Location: Canakkale
Operator: Icdas Elektrik Uretim ve Yatirim AS
Configuration: 2 X 618 MW
Operation: 2011-2015
Fuel: lignite, hard coal
Boiler supplier: Dongfang
T/G supplier: Shanghai
EPC: Central Southern China Electric Power Design Institute, Heilongjiang Power Construction No 3 Co, Inaltas Insaat, UET Uran Endustri Tesisler
Quick facts: These supercritical sets were ordered in 2007.

Photograph courtesy of UET Uran Endustri Tesisler
Posted 6 Sep 2015

Bolu-Goynuk
Location: Bolu
Operator: Aksa Enerji Uretim AS
Configuration: 2 X 135 MW
Operation: 2015
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Tlmace
T/G supplier: Skoda
EPC: Poyry, China State Construction Engineering Co-Gunsayil JV, UET Uran Endustri Tesisler
Quick facts: In Mar 2008, Aksa Enerji secured a 30yr license for Goynuk TPP. In 2008, the company contracted for the boilers and T/G sts . In Nov 2011, Aksa finalized a €90mn long-term credit facility with a group of European export-import banks. In Nov 2011, the company secured a 12yr, $240mn loan for the TL 580mn project from ISATR and GARAN. In Jul 2012, Aksa broke ground and the plant commisioned on 14 Aug 2015. Aksa Enerji has acquired rights to extract an estimated 39mn mt of brown coal from the area over a 35yr period. Fuel burn is expected to be ~ 1.8mn tpy of coal resulting in 2 TWh/yr of production.

Photograph courtesy of www.boluobjektif.com
Posted 6 Sep 2015

Can
Location: Canakkale
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 2 X 160 MW
Operation: 2004
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Alstom
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: Alstom, Teknotes
Quick facts: In October 1998, Alstom was awarded an ECU 320mn turnkey contract by TEAS to supply two 160-MW CFB boilers, T/G sets, and control systems as part of this turnkey project. Financing included export credit facilities from COFACE, Hermes, and CESCE plus commercial loans. The CFB boilers – the first in Turkey – burn around 1.75mn tons of coal a year and utilize a dry cooling tower. Construction started in Jun 2000 after protracted financing negotiations and the plant went online in 2004 about a year behind schedule.

Photograph courtesy of Türkiye Müteahhitler Birligi
Posted 12 Aug 2006

Catalagzi
Location: Zongudak
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 6 X 20 MW, 2 X 150 MW
Operation: 1948-1991
Fuel: hard coal
Boiler supplier: MV, Ganzrock
T/G supplier: MV, MHI
EPC: MV, Kutlutas
Quick facts: The "A" plant has been retired.

Photograph courtesy of Erdogan Tan
Posted 29 Feb 2004

Cayirhan
Location: Ankara
Operator: Park Termik Elektrik
Configuration: 2 X 150 MW, 2 X 160 MW
Operation: 1987-2000
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Biro
T/G supplier: MHI, Melco
EPC: Guris
Quick facts: All four units have FGD scrubbers, the first two from Lurgi and the second two from Bischoff. In April 2001, the plant was transferred from Euas to Park Termik, an affiliate of the Cener Group, under a Transfer of Operating Rights (TOR) agreement.

Photograph courtesy of Türkiye Müteahhitler Birligi
Posted 12 Aug 2006

Iskenderun Atlas
Location: Hatay
Operator: Atlas Enerji Uretim AS
Configuration: 2 X 625 MW
Operation: 2014
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: Harbin
T/G supplier: Harbin
EPC: Prokon, Hubei Electric Power Construction Co
Quick facts: This superciritical TPP has a 180ac site 15km north of Iskenderun OSB. FGD waste is sold for gypsum production. Unit-1 commissioned in Aug 2014 and Unit-2 in Dec 2014. The units are expected to produce about 8.5 TWh/yr. Atlas Enerji is part of Diler Holding.

Photograph courtesy of PowerChina
Posted 3 Jan 2015

Kangal
Location: Sivas
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 3 X 150 MW
Operation: 1989-2000
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Ganz-Danubius
T/G supplier: MHI, Melco
EPC: Transelektro, Guris, Gama
Quick facts: The plant was retrofit with wet limestone FGD scrubbers. In Apr 1999, the privatization of the plant was agreed with a consortium of American and Turkish companies led by NRG Energy, but the transaction was never completed. Koch supplied the 1,200 tph turnkey coal handling system.

Photograph courtesy of Türkiye Müteahhitler Birligi
Posted 12 Aug 2006

Kemerköy
Location: Mugla
Operator: Kemerköy Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret AS
Configuration: 3 X 210 MW
Operation: 1993-1997
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Rafako
T/G supplier: Zamech, Dolmel
EPC: ENKA, Energomontaz-Polnoc SA
Quick facts: The stack is 300m tall, the tallest in Turkey at the time of construction. The plant cost about $1bn and was retrofit with B&W scrubbers in 2001-2003.

Photograph courtesy of sanalmakine.net
Posted 29 Sep 2012

Orhaneli
Location: Bursa
Operator: Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 1 X 210 MW
Operation: 1992
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Steinmuller
T/G supplier: LMZ, Electrosila
EPC: TML
Quick facts: The Orhaneli stack is 275m high. Shortly after completion, an FGD system was ordered for the plant.

Photograph courtesy of Türkiye Müteahhitler Birligi
Posted 13 Aug 2006

Seyitomer
Location: Kutahya
Operator: Celikler Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 4 X 150 MW
Operation: 1973-1989
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Stein, Deutsche Babcock
T/G supplier: Tosi, BBC, Ansaldo, MHI, Melco, ABB
EPC: Lahmeyer, Dogus
Quick facts: In Oct 2005, ELWO was contracted to modernize the ESPs on Units 1-3. In Apr 1999, the privatization of the plant was agreed with a consortium of American and Turkish companies led by NRG Energy, but the transaction was never completed. The plant and mining rights were finally sold to Celikler Elektrik Uretim AS in Dec 2013 for $2.2bn.

Photograph courtesy of Dogus Insaat
Posted 5 Aug 2006

Sugozu
Location: Adana
Operator: Iskenerun Enerji (Isken)
Configuration: 2 X 660 MW
Operation: 2003
Fuel: hard coal
Boiler supplier: BBP
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: BBP, Siemens, Gama, Tefken
Quick facts: This €1.5bn power station near Iskenderun was a flagship project for private power development and has the largest individual generating units in Turkey. The plant was initially announced in 1997 and in Jul 2000, plant operator Steag signed a turnkey EPC contract. Steag also financed about a quarter of the investment with the remaining 75% from a banking syndicate led by KfW, Dresdner Bank, and WestLB. Steag contracted for about 3mn tpy of imported hard coal with RAG Trading. This is offloaded in the world's largest floating transshipment facilities capable of handling 30,000 tons of coal per day.

Photograph courtesy of STEAG AG
Posted 20 Jan 2004

Tufanbeyli
Location: Adana
Operator: Enerjisa Enerji Uretim AS
Configuration: 3 X 150 MW
Operation: 2015-2016
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Yantai Hundai
T/G supplier: Skoda
EPC: Kepco E&C, SK E&C, SK E&C Anadolu LLC
Quick facts: In Nov 2010, Enerjisa signed a lump-sum EPC contract with SK E&C, partnered with Itochu Corp, and SK E&C Anadolu LLC. for this PS. In Jul 2012, Enerjisa signed a €750mn loan agreement to finance Tufanbeyli the majority of which was insured by Korea Trade Insurance Corp. The lenders were Societe Generale, UniCredit Bank Austria AG, HSBC Bank plc, Raiffeisen Bank International AG, Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd, BNP Paribas and Fortis Bank SA/NV, Akbank TAS, Deutsche Bank AG, Natixis, and Erste Group Bank AG.The PS was opened by President Erdogan and other dignitaries on 24 Apr 2016.

Photograph courtesy of img.sondakika.com
Posted 30 Apr 2016

Yatagan
Location: Mugla
Operator: Yatagan Termik Santrali
Configuration: 3 X 210 MW
Operation: 1984-1986
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Rafako
T/G supplier: Zamech, Dolmel
EPC: Enka
Quick facts: Construction at got underway in 1976. Guris retrofit the facility with three wet limestone FGD systems. The Yatagan plant has been privatized.

Photograph courtesy of EUAS
Re-posted 4 Dec 2013

Yeniköy
Location: Mugla
Operator: Yeniköy Termik Santralı
Configuration: 3 X 210 MW
Operation: 1986-1987
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Rafako
T/G supplier: Zamech, Dolmel
EPC: Enka
Quick facts: Development began in 1978 and the main EPC and supply contracts were signed in Feb 1981. Unit-1 went commercial on 17 Sep 1986 and Unit-2 on 23 Feb 1987. Output is arond 2.7 TWh/yr. Bischoff retrofit the facility with three wet limestone FGD systems.

Photograph courtesy of Yeniköy Termik Santrali
Posted 30 Mar 2011

Yunus
Location: Eskisehir
Operator: Adularya Enerji
Configuration: 2 X 145 MW
Operation: 2016
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: Vitkovice
T/G supplier: Skoda, Siemens
EPC: Energoprojekt Praha, Vitkovice, BTG
Quick facts: This CFB plant will be the first Turkish TPP to fully meet all EU emission criteria. Project developmen began in 2009 and construction got underway in 2011. The cooling tower is 115m tall and serves as the exhaust for the power station combustion gases. Washed lignite will be used for the first time in Turkey. Adularya Energy was founded in 2007 and is owned by Naksan Holding.

Photograph courtesy of Adularya Enerji
Posted 2 Nov 2014

ZETES-1
Location: Zonguldak
Operator: Eren Enerji Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 1 X 160 MW
Operation: 2010
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: Tlmace
T/G supplier: Siemens
EPC: Istroenergo Group, Mastir Enerji
Quick facts: This was the first phase of a $1.6bn coal-fired project, financed largely by Turkish banks including Türkiye İş Bankası’ndan and Türkiye Garanti Bankası. ZETES-1 has a CFB boiler and was commissioned in Jul 2010 .In addition to the power station, the project includes a new coal port which is the largest on the Black Sea coast and suitable for the 170,000 DWT ships. Areva and Kessir Grup supplied the 380kV switchyard.

Photograph courtesy of Eren Enerrj Elektrik Uretim AS
Posted 12 Oct 2011

ZETES-2
Location: Zonguldak
Operator: Eren Enerji Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 2 X 600 MW
Operation: 2010
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: Dongfang
T/G supplier: Shanghai
EPC: CMEC, Mimag-Samko, Mastir, Heilongjiang No 3 Thermal Power Construction
Quick facts: These are the first supercritical units in Turkey. Work got underway in Oct 2006 and the units commissioned at the end of 2010.

Photograph courtesy of Eren Enerrj Elektrik Uretim AS
Posted 12 Oct 2011

ZETES-3
Location: Zonguldak
Operator: Eren Enerji Elektrik Uretim AS
Configuration: 2 X 700 MW
Operation: 2016
Fuel: coal
Boiler supplier: Harbin
T/G supplier: Harbin
EPC: Harbin Electric International, Tianjin Electric Power Construction Co
Quick facts: In Sep 2013, Eren applied for a license for the third phase at ZETES. Harbine was awarded the BTG and EPC contracts in Jan 2013. These are the largest units in Turkey. The project finished on 30 Jun 2016 about 3mos ahead of schedule with Unit-1 completed in 28mos.

Photograph courtesy of Harbin Electric International
Posted 23 Dec 2016

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 26-Dec-2016

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