Waste-to-Energy Power Plants in the USA - other states
Alexandria/Arlington
Location: VA
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 1 X 23 MW
Operation: 1988
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Martin, Keeler Dorr Oliver
T/G supplier: Dresser
EPC: Clark-Kenith Inc
Quick Facts: The Alexandria/Arlington plant began commercial operation in Feb 1988 and serves about 300,000 residents of the County of Arlington and the City of Alexandria, which jointly own the site. The facility's three, 325tpd furnaces supply renewable energy for Dominion Virginia Power Co. The 3.3ac site is the smallest for any of Covanta's WTE plants.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 9 Feb 2008

Fairfax
Location: VA
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 2 X 62 MW
Operation: 1990
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Ogden-Martin, Zurn
T/G supplier: ABB
EPC: NEPCO, Kiewit
Quick Facts: The Covanta Fairfax RRF plant is also known as I-95 Energy or Lorton WTE. It began commercial operation in June 1990 and is CovantaEnergy's largest facility serving a population of more than 900,000 in suburban Fairfax County. Four 750tpd lines are in service with reciprocating grate stokers, water wall boilers, and gas-fired auxiliary burners. The combustors have SNCR systems, semi-dry lime scrubbers, fabric filters, and activated carbon injection. Up to 79 MW are sold to Dominion Virginia Power Co. This was the first Covanta Energy facility to have a non-ferrous metal recovery system.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 2 Mar 2008

Ford Heights
Location: IL
Operator: KTI Inc
Configuration: 1 X 24 MW
Operation: 1996
Fuel: tire-derived fuel
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Zurn
T/G supplier: Alstom
EPC: NEPCO
Quick Facts: During start-up of this $110mn plant, Illinois modified its Retail Rate Act and repealed certain rate incentives, forcing the owners into bankruptcy. The plant was taken over by KTI Inc and Casella Waste Systems Inc and put back into operation. The incentives were reinstated in 2002. At full load, the plant burns 17,000 lbs/hr of TDF.

Photograph courtesy of NEPCO
Posted 17 May 2003

Greater Detroit RRF
Location: MI
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 1 X 68 MW CHP
Operation: 1991
Fuel: RDF
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: CE
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Black & Veatch, Townsend & Bottum
Quick Facts: This 4,000tpd facility cost $478mn. Since 1993, Covanta has operated the plant under contract to Greater Detroit Resource Recovery Authority (GDRRA) and the facility is owned by the City of Detroit. The three incinerator lines have traveling-grate stokers and are equipped with Flakt semi-dry lime scrubbers and baghouses plus continuous emissions monitoring systems. Up to 550,000 pph of steam can be produced for the city's heating system and electricity is sold to Detroit Edison.

Photograph by tEdGuY49 (flickr)
Posted 8 Apr 2007

H-Power
Location: HI
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 1 X 56 MW, 1 X 32 MW
Operation: 1990-2012
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Hanjung, CE, Martin/Jinding
T/G supplier: Toshiba, Siemens
EPC: Combustion Engineering, Parsons
Quick Facts: In 1977, a consultantís study established that development of a WTE plant would be feasible for Honolulu. In 1980, Honolulu Resource Recovery Venture (HRRV), turned in the low bid for a greenfield WTE plant next to the Oahu Sugar Mill in Waipahu. This was protested at the local level and the project was rebid. In Dec 1983 Honolulu Resource Recovery Venture (HRRV), a joint venture of Combustion Engineering and AMFAC, submitted the sole bid for an 1,800tpd facility on 28ac in Campbell Industrial Park, Kapolei. Groundbreaking was in Dec 1985, but construction stalled while the air permits were re-done. Construction resumed in Jan 1988 and in Nov 1989, the facility was sold to Ford Motor Credit Corp in a sale/lease-back arrangement. Regular delivery of refuse to H-POWER started in Dec 1989 and the plant went commercial in May 1990. Covanta acquired the facility in 1993 and sells electricity to Hawaiian Electric. A second unit commissioned in Oct in 2012. HDR was owner's engineer for the $302mn project. In Jun 2012, Covanta secured a new 20yr PPA with Hawaiian Electric.

Photograph courtesy of HDR
Re-posted 24 Apr 2016

Huntsville
Location: AL
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 180,000 pph steam only
Operation: 1990
Fuel: refuse, sewage sludge, landfill gas, natural gas
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: ??
T/G supplier: n/a
Quick Facts: The Huntsville WTE is a steam-only project on 20.5ac adjacent to the U.S. Armyís Redstone Arsenal. It began commercial operation in Jul 1990 and processes MSW and sewage sludge from the Huntsville wastewater treatment plant. About 180,000 pph of steam is transmitted by a 6mi steam line to the Arsenal's for heating and air conditioning. The two 365tpd treatment lines have waterwall furnaces with Martin reverse-reciprocating grates, semi-dry lime scrubbers, baghouses, and other controls. Rated capacity for each line is 89,310pph. The Huntsville plant also has four, gas-fired package boilers in order to guarantee steam availability. These are equipped to burn landfill gas from a nearby landfill.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 4 Mar 2008

Indianapolis
Location: IN
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: steam only
Operation: 1990
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Martin
T/G supplier: n/a
Quick Facts: The Indianapolis RRF began commercial operation in Dec 1988, serving the approximately 815,000 residents of the City of Indianapolis and Marion County. The facility can process 2,175tpd of MSW and sells steam to Citizens Gas for the city district heating system. This covers downtown businesses, as well as Indiana University, Purdue University's Indianapolis campus, and Eli Lilly's pharmaceutical works. The Indianapolis RRF has three 725tpd waterwall furnaces with reverse-reciprocating grates, semi-dry lime gas scrubbers, baghouses, plus NOX and mercury control systems.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 4 Mar 2008

Kent County
Location: MI
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 1 X 18 MW CHP
Operation: 1990
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Martin, Keeler Dorr Oliver
T/G supplier: Westinghouse
EPC: Engineering Design Services, Granger, Townsend & Bottum
Quick Facts: Kent County began commercial operation in Jan 1990 selling electricity to Consumers Power and up to 116,000 lbs/hr of steam to Kent County District Heating and Cooling Operation which supplies about 125 buildings in Grand Rapids including three area hospitals. The WTE plant is owned by the county which has an O&M contract with Covanta for the WTE plant, a gas-and oil-fired steam plant on Market Ave, and the underground steam network. MSW is supplied from Grand Rapids and five surrounding cities, East Grand Rapids, Grandville, Kentwood, Walker, and Wyoming. Kent County has two 312.5 tpd waterwall furnaces with Martin reverse-reciprocating grates, semi-dry lime gas scrubbers, fabric filters, SNCR, and activated carbon injection for mercury control.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 4 Mar 2008

Marion County
Location: OR
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 1 X 13.1 MW
Operation: 1987
Fuel: refuse, medical waste
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Ogden Martin
T/G supplier: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
EPC: Ogden Martin, Kiewit
Quick Facts: Marion County RRF began commercial operation in Mar 1987 and serves approximately 270,000 county residents. The plant has two 275tpd waterwall furnaces with reverse-reciprocating grates and was the first mass-burn waterwall mass-burn WTE in the USA to use dry flue gas scrubbers and baghouses to control acid gases and particulates. The facility on a 5.2ac site 40mi south of Portland and electricity is sold to Portland General Electric Co.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 8 Mar 2008

Stanislaus County
Location: CA
Operator: Covanta Energy
Configuration: 1 X 24 MW
Operation: 1988
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: Ogden Martin, Zurn
T/G supplier: Elliott, Brush
EPC: CRS Sirrine, Kiewit
Quick Facts: Stanislaus RRF serves Modesto and Stanislaus County in the Cenral Valley. The plant went commercial in Jan 1989 with two 400tpd reverse-reciprocating grate treatment lines with semi-dry lime scrubbers, baghouses, and NOX and mercury controls. The facility is zero discharge. Electricity is sold to Pacific Gas & Electric Co.

Photograph courtesy of Covanta Energy
Posted 9 Mar 2008

This was photograph number 4,000 posted to the Power Plants Around the World photo gallery.

Wheelabrator Claremont
Location: NH
Operator: Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Configuration: 1 X 5 MW
Operation: 1987
Fuel: refuse, LPG
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: KDO, Von Roll
T/G supplier: Dresser
EPC: Clark-Kenith Inc
Quick Facts: This facility burns up to 200 tpd of MSW from communities in New Hampshire and Vermont.

Photograph courtesy of Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Posted 11 Jan 2012

Wheelabrator Concord
Location: NH
Operator: Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Configuration: 1 X 14 MW
Operation: 1989
Fuel: refuse, LPG
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: B&W, Von Roll
T/G supplier: Dresser
EPC: Clark-Kenith Inc
Quick Facts: This facility burns MSW from about two dozen communities in southern and central New Hampshire.

Photograph courtesy of Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Posted 11 Jan 2012

 
Wheelabrator Portsmouth
Location: VA
Operator: Wheelabrator Technologies
Configuration: 3 X 20 MW CHP
Operation: 1987
Fuel: RDF, No 2 oil
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: CE
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: HDR, Heil Engineering
Quick Facts: In Apr 2010, this WTE CHP plant and an adjacent RDF preparation plant plant were acquired from Southeastern Public Service Authority for $150mn. The sale activity began in 2008 when SSPA decided to sell the facilities to reduce debt and operating costs. Four companies submitted bids and Wheelabrator was selected in Nov 2009. Steam and electricity are sold to Norfolk Naval Shipyard and surplus power is sold to Dominion Virginia Power. The power plant burns about 2,000 tpd of RDF.

Photograph courtesy of Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Re-posted 2 Jan 2012

  Wheelabrator Spokane
Location: WA
Operator: Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Configuration: 1 X 26 MW
Operation: 1991
Fuel: refuse
Boiler/incinerator system supplier: B&W, Von Roll
T/G supplier: Dresser
EPC: Rust
Quick Facts: This was the first commercial WTE plant in America with a totally integrated materials recovery facility. This can process up to 200 tpd of glass, ferrous and nonferrous metals, PET and HDPE plastics, newspapers, plus corrugated and other paper grades. Overall throughput is 1,500 tpd of MSW from Bucks Co.

Photograph courtesy of Wheelabrator Technologies Inc
Posted 2 Jan 2012

Abbreviations

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 24-Apr-2016

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